Insects in an Urban Garden - Coleoptera
Ottawa Canada

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Acalymma vittatum: Striped Cucumber Beetles enjoy the cucurbitacins cucumbers have developed as a herbivore defense in both larval and adult forms,. This one was on one of my Lilium. Length 5 mm. Acalymma vittatum
Agriotes fucosus: Click beetles can latch their prosternum to their mesosternum, producing a loud click which bounces the beetle into the air. Clicking is mainly used to avoid predation, although it is also useful when the beetle is on its back and needs to right itself. Length 11 mm. Agriotes fucosus
Anisodactylus: These beetles eat seeds both as larva and as adult. Length 11 mm. Anisodactylus
Anthrenus fuscus: Most of these beetles eat pollen, but some are notorious for eating museum specimens and carpets; their larvae feed on decaying plants or animals. Length 2.5 mm. Anthrenus
Atalantycha neglecta: Soldier beetles eat aphids both as adults and as larvae; they are sold as biological control agents. Length 10 mm. Atalantycha neglecta
Baris/Cyphirhinus: This weevil lives mostly on Asteraceae. Length 3 mm. Baris/Cyphirhinus
Brachiacantha ursina: A native ladybug beetle that is often found on Asclepias. Length 4 mm. Brachiacantha ursina
Calleida punctata: This beetle is an active nocturnal hunter of small insects. Length 7 mm. Calleida punctata
Chauliognathus pensylvanicus: Goldenrod Soldier Beetles live on pollen and nectar of fall flowers; their larvae are carnivorous, eating aphids and insect eggs. Length 10 mm. Chauliognathus pensylvanicus
Cicindela sexguttata: This tiger beetle is unmistakable. As you can see from its massive trademark white jaws, it lives by eating other insects. Length 12 mm. Cicindela sexguttata
Coccinella septempunctata: Both the adults and the larvae of the Seven Spotted Lady Beetle are voracious predators of aphids. It has been repeatedly introduced to North America from its native Europe as a biological control agent to reduce aphid numbers. Length 5 mm. Coccinella septempunctata
Coleomegilla maculata: This is one of our native ladybugs. As do all the others, it feeds on aphids both as adult and as larva. Length 7 mm. Coleomegilla maculata
Dyschirius dejeanii: This little beetle is a subterranean burrower, as its massive front leg muscles show. Length 3 mm. Dyschirius dejeanii
Ellychnia corrusca: A diurnal beetle closely related to fireflies but without light emitting organs. As with others in the family, its head hides completely under its pronotum. Length 11 mm. Ellychnia corrusca
Harmonia axyridis: The Asian Lady Beetle was introduced by the USDA from eastern Asia to control aphids on commercially valuable crops. After numerous attempts over half a century, they finally succeeded in the late 1980's. Soy farmers are grateful, but the alien now so outnumbers our native ladybugs that I hardly see any of them any more. Length 6 mm. Harmonia axyridis adult Harmonia axyridis larva
Harpalus affinis: The larvae of this carabid beetle feed on small soil invertebrates; adults feed on seeds, particularly of Poaceae, Apiaceae and Asteraceae. Length 10 mm. Harpalus affinis
Harpalus pensylvanicus: This is one of the most common carabids in North America. Length 16 mm. Harpalus pensylvanicus
Lilioceris lilii: Lily Leaf Beetles appear in May and head straight for the nearest Liliaceae. Native to Europe and Asia, they arrived in Canada about 1945. They are quick to dodge, but are picked off when spotted. The larvae are gooey black gobs that carry their excrement on their backs to deter predators. They eat Lilium to death from the underside of leaves so are wiped off when spotted. Length 12 mm. Lilioceris lilii mating
Lygaeus kalmii: Small Milkweed Bugs, as the name implies, usually frequent Asclepias in the nearby meadow, but this one is on Taraxacum officinale. Length 10 mm. Lygaeus kalmii
Meloe niger: Blister beetles are flightless, and discharge oils that blister skin when threatened. Adults emerge en mass and live only long enough to mate and lay eggs. They disperse by mimicry: the young larvae climb up a plant stem and form a cluster that smells like a female bee. When the male bee is fooled, they climb aboard, transfer to a female when the male locates a real one, then end up in the female's burrow eating the pollen and honey stored by the bee for its own larvae, pupating, finally climbing out to repeat the cycle. It's all encoded in their DNA. Incredible! Length 30 mm. Meloe niger male
Necrophila americana: This carrion beetle lays its eggs in dead animals and fungi. The larvae and adults also consume fly larvae and the larvae of other carrion beetles that compete for the same food sources. Length 15 mm. Necrophila americana
Nemognatha nemorensis: A blister beetle whose larvae find an underground bee's nest then feed on the food the bee brings for its larvae. Length 7 mm. Nemognatha nemorensis
Neocrepidodera: These beetles eat mostly Poaceae and Asteraceae. Length 3 mm. Neocrepidodera
Nicrophorus vespilloides: This burying beetle buries small insects and larvae as food for its larvae. Pairs are monogamous: a female assaults her mate if he tries to release sex pheromones to attract other potential female mates. Length 12 mm. Nicrophorus vespilloides
Olibrus semistriatus: These beetles eat the seeds and seed receptacles of Asteraceae. Length 1.5 mm. Olibrus semistriatus
Orus dentiger: A predatory rove beetle that lives under leaf litter. Length 2.5 mm. Orus dentiger
Oryzaephilus surinamensis: A common stored products pest in houses. Length 3 mm. Oryzaephilus surinamensis
Oxypodini: These little rove beetles stand out with their sharply upcurved abdomen. Most are predators of other insects and live under leaf litter or mulch. Length 3 mm. Oxypodini
Pedilus lugubris: Adult males seek out blister beetles, climb onto them, lick off the cantharidin the blister beetles exude and use the blistering agent to impress a female of their own species. The cantharidin is transferred to the female in the male's sperm packet and eggs the female subsequently lays are coated with it to protect them from being eaten before they hatch. The resulting larvae eat fungus in soil. Length 8 mm. Pedilus lugubris male
Photuris: The females of these predatory beetles mimic the light signals of smaller firefly species to attract, kill, and eat their males; their larvae glow too. Most species can be told apart solely by the flash duration, male flight behaviour during each flash, and the delay between male flash and female response flash. Length 12 mm. Photuris
Phyllophaga anxia: These scarab beetles, often called June bugs, eat leaves as adults and grass roots as larvae. Length 16 mm. Phyllophaga anxia male
Podabrus rugosulus: This soldier beetle eats aphids and mites. Length 7 mm. Podabrus rugosulus
Polydrusus sericeus: This weevil is introduced from Europe and eats mostly Betula alleghaniensis. Length 7 mm. Polydrusus sericeus
Plagiometriona clavata: Both as adult and as larva, tortoise beetles eat Solanacea. Length 6 mm. Plagiometriona clavata
Popillia japonica: Japanese Beetles appear in mid-July, to the torment of those who insist on lawns that look like plastic. Adults are easily identified by the tufts of white hairs around the abdomen, the grubs feed on grass roots. I'm no longer worried about things that eat grass, having gotten rid of it, so ignore them. Native to Japan as the name implies, they arrived in Eastern Canada in 1939. Length 10 mm. Popillia japonica
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata: Another non-native ladybug, this one arrived in Canada from its native Europe about 1960. Length 3 mm. Propylea quatuordecimpunctata
Stictoleptura canadensis: Red-shouldered Pine Borer larva feed on dead and decaying wood; adults eat flowers. Length 11 mm. Stictoleptura canadensis
Tachinus corticinus: A rove beetle found in soil. Length 2.5 mm. Tachinus corticinus
Telephanus atricapillus: Flat Bark Beetles live in leaf litter and eat fungi. Length 4 mm. Telephanus atricapillus
Tetraopes tetrophthalmus: Red Milkweed Beetle's larvae feed exclusively on Asclepias syriaca, abundant in the nearby meadow. Length 12 mm. Tetraopes tetrophthalmus
Trixagus chevrolati: This click beetle is normally found in forested areas; it's larvae develop in wood. Length 2.8 mm. Trixagus chevrolati female

John Sankey
other insects in the garden