The Nuttery : Volume 10 Number 4 January 1992

In this Issue...

In this issue there are several very practical articles.

To begin, be sure to read about the upcoming winter meeting, and note the time and place in the announcement box below.

The article on grants explains a new program just authorized by the ECSONG executive. The chapter is quite wealthy, so the grants program was introduced to put this money to work in a practical way.

The letter from Carol O'Brien notes a problem shared by several other members, and points out the need for all to help out on arrangements and communications. Anyone volunteer to set up a telephone committee? Such a committee would enable corrections to be made even at the last minute.

Do not miss Richard and Sue Rocque's article on germinating black walnuts, nor George Truscott's on a similar topic. Carson Thompson has many interesting ideas on a variety of topics. Also, see Art Read's article on dowsing for trees. Irene Woolford, Dorothy Jenkins, Anstace and Larry Esmonde-White and Alec Jones have news as well.

On a very sad note, we lost a dear friend, a long time member, and the main inspiration for the Baxter Nut Grove's beautiful appearance. George Ronald Joiner passed away just after Christmas. He will be missed by all.

The Upcoming Winter Meeting

Traditionally, the ECSONG winter meeting invites members to speak about accomplishments and to look forward to the coming spring. This year will be no exception. The executive has invited six presentations, with a long interlude for socializing. Generally, the presentations will be ten minutes long, with five minutes discussion.

The presentations will begin with Ralph McKendry and the Oak Valley Plantation Committee. The OVPC, which Ralph chairs, includes Irene Woolford (Secretary), Ernie Kerr (Cartographer), George Truscott (Nurseryman), Josée Brizard (South Nation River Conservation Authority representative) and Hank Jones (ECSONG representative). The Committee has made tremendous progress over the last year, as you will hear!

Next up, Bob Scally the Wolf Island Nut Grower, has a number of new ideas and hints that many will find useful. Bob is specially interested in Black Walnut and Black Cherry. He has been successfully experimenting with nut growing in Eastern Ontario for many years, and maintains close ties with forest and tree professionals and scientists familiar with this region. Bob, you will find, is a fount of knowledge about nut growing!

The Dominion Arboretum Liaison Committee, chaired by Alec Jones, Ian McRae - Secretary, and including Trevor Cole (Curator of the Arboretum), Dave Baker, Darryl Abbinett and Hank Jones (ECSONG rep), oversees a number interesting projects. Besides the Siberian Connection, the Newfoundland Connection, the Commemorative Trees, improving the Arboretum's nut tree collection and fostering nut growing across Canada in general, the Committee has undertaken a project to photographically document the nut trees of the Arboretum, in their natural settings. Darryl Abbinett, one the Ottawa Valley's best nature photographers, is tackling this technically difficult task. Darryl will be showing selected slides from the growing collection that demonstrate where the difficulties with this photographic challenge lie.

After the break, Cliff Craig, chair of the Baxter Liaison Committee, will bring us up to date on the Baxter Nut Grove.

Next, Mark Schaefer, editor of chapter's Nut Growers Manual For Eastern Ontario, will talk about nut tree growing, and about Moe Anderson's spectacular achievements near Mer Bleu, on what is today NCC property. Moe, working for the Forestry Station there some fifteen to twenty years ago, planted a number of groves of various nut trees. Recently, Moe, just retired from Forestry Canada at Petawawa, had an opportunity to revisit the sites and... Mark and Moe will tell the rest of this inspiring story!

And to cap off the evening, a personal success story from two new Black Walnut growers. Sue and Richard Rocque of Chelsea, Quebec, will share their experiences with us on starting Black Walnuts from seed on the shores of Lac Poisson Blanc, and preparing the seedlings for their first winter. The results have gotten may surprise you!

During the meeting, Art Read, Treasurer, will be available to collect dues and assure registration. If you have items of potential interest to members, consider bring them for the exhibits. Likewise, bring any seed or stock you wish to exchange to the Stock Exchange. And above all if you have an irresistible urge to prepare any nut cuisine, please, please bring it along for the Break!!!

See you, your family and friends at the Winter Meeting.

My Black Walnut Experience

Late in the fall of 1990 we were given 10 black walnut seeds with instructions to keep them cool over the winter. We put them in a plastic bag, covered them with moistened potting soil and put them in the back of the fridge. And there they remained throughout the winter. Even when we ran short of space in the fridge for the Christmas turkey, guess what was relegated to the garage while the nuts remained at a steady 41 degrees Fahrenheit.

Because we were concerned about a late frost ( and because we didn't get around to it), the 10 nuts were planted on June 15, 1991 at Lac Poisson Blanc, Quebec, located some 80 kilometers north of Ottawa. We planted them in a fern bed, about 100 feet from the cottage, and 50 feet from the lake. They were planted about two inches deep, about 15 feet apart and were told to grow, grow grow!

One week later, no sign of life! Two weeks later, nothing either. Three weeks later, on July 6 eight have germinated and are already four inches tall. Number nine appears on July 13. By then, the first eight are eight inches tall and growing rapidly - no sign of number 10. By July 20 number nine is working hard to catch up to the first eight, but number ten is nowhere to be seen. Upon enquiring from the person who gave us the nuts, we are told that a 90% success rate is very good and that we should not be disappointed that one did not germinate; in fact we are advised to leave it in the ground over the winter in case it changes its mind. On July 25 we take pictures of our little trees that are now well over a foot tall, including number nine, and verify that number ten is still dormant. The following evening, July 26, we watered all the trees, including number ten which, in 24 hours, had not only germinated but was already four inches tall. No wonder it held back - it is a double!

It was a very dry summer in Western Quebec and while we spent a lot of time at our cottage, we were not there every night. So, for the most part, we would water the trees on the weekend and hope for dew during the week, although the ferns did appear to be shading them from the worst of the wind and sun.

Why did we have a 110% success rate? Is it the soil (sandy loam on top of clay)? Did the ferns help? Or was it because in the Fall of 1990 a flock of gees fertilized the are we planted them in? Will the trees winter well? Obviously we hope so, and in preparation for the winter, we protected them with sonatube and then banked the earth to prevent the tubes being blown away (and to discourage the mice from sneaking underneath).

We owe a special thank you to Hank Jones, not only for giving us the nuts and interesting us in growing our own trees, but also for listening to our whining when we thought number ten was a dud! Thank you, Hank.

Richard and Sue Rocque Box 344 Chelsea, Quebec J0X 1N0

Reminiscing on the Black Walnut

This is the time of year when I think of the Black Walnut. As a child growing up in the city, I had mixed feelings when I saw the bag of walnuts arrive from my great-uncle's farm in Norfolk County. Mixed, because although we enjoyed the taste of the walnuts in our Christmas baking, we children did a lot of the nut-cracking, not with a nut-cracker but with a hammer on a board placed on the concrete basement floor. I'm afraid we didn't always bother to use the board, so the floor took quite a beating, and eventually had to be repaired!

The trees the nuts came from were over 60 years old then (circa 1930's) and were considered the finest in Glen Meyer.

Under the trees was a huge stone, as large as a kitchen table, where one could crack the walnuts to eat. I remember one of the trees held a rope swing and it could swing really high! When the farm was sold to immigrants, the trees were cut down.

Elsewhere in the same county, at St. Williams, and several years later, my stepfather would crack a bowl full of black walnuts in the basement, then carry them upstairs and pick the meat out of the shells while he sorted out his problems, especially while he was planning and building his new house.

I wonder of these trees were planted by the pioneers on the Trail of the Black Walnut.

Dorothy Jenkins

The Nut Gardening Video

This last spring, ECSONG participated in the production of a half-hour TV program entitled "Nut Gardening". The program will be one in the series "From a Country Garden" with hosts Anstace and Larry Esmonde-White of Kemptville. The series runs nationally on the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) in the USA and many parts of Canada. Our particular program is now ready. It will be shown first on Saturday, 22 February, 1992. Check your local listings for the exact time. Remember, if you are interested in keeping a copy of the program for your use, simple record it on your VCR. Comments welcome!

Pansy Patch Park, Pembroke

The Pansy Patch Park in Pembroke may be a good model for Oak Valley. It is planted along the Muskrat River, a beautiful setting. It contains butternut, black walnut, bitternut hickory, hackberry, red oak (burr oak?), (a Carpathian or Japanese walnut?), as well as ash, pines, poplar, and shrubs such as hydrangea.

The Park was the setting for a three-minute CBOT TV news item featuring ECSONG - one of a series of programs relating to Mark Van Dusen's fall activities in the Ottawa valley - which was broadcast on October 9th. The nine or so ECSONG members who were there had a wonderful time participating in the program and watching the manoeuvring of the TV crew (two of whom were un-knowing nut growers themselves!). Everyone received a CBC television T-shirt. A repast of nut-based goodies (hazelnut cookies, zucchini-walnut bread, carrot hazelnut cake and peach/walnut compote) provided by Kathleen Jones, and nut liqueurs (Nocino, made from walnuts, and amaretto, made from almonds)which Hank Jones brought along, was especially tasty and welcome on a cool, damp day.

Gathering nuts from ground and tree, and planting and cracking nuts were demonstrated. Nuts shown included bur oak, Manchurian walnut, black walnut, butternut, ginkgo, and Japanese walnut. Black walnut and butternut were cracked and tasted. Participants included Moe Anderson; Dorothy, Annis and Emma Dobson; Alec and Kathleen Jones; Hank Jones, Mark Jones, and Linda Morris; and a young local couple who were coincidently visiting the Park at the time.

There are many large butternuts (maybe 50 trees altogether) on the five acre site. There are also several black walnuts, at the entrance, along the stream side road, and at the upstream end of park proper, with possibly a Japanese walnut on the river bank, upstream. Squirrel caches were found on butternuts near bridge over the stream. Some bitternut hickories are at the west end (upstream) on stream bank. And even hackberries!

The videotape will be available through the chapter library.

The Chesterville walnuts

I received The Nuttery Friday afternoon, September 27, 1991. I was going to be alone for the weekend, so I asked a friend who is interested in trees (I helped him graft some apple trees last spring) to drive to Chesterville Saturday morning. We left Sutton about 7:15 a.m. and arrived at Chesterville about 11:00 a.m. We checked several miles both ways on Highway 43 for the signs of a black walnut plantation. The owner at the flower shop on the west side of the town kindly made several phone calls for me, but no clue as to the walnut plantation location. At the tractor dealer south of town several more phone calls were made for us from the membership list of the nutters. Nobody could understand how the plantation could be just south of Chesterville on Highway 43 when 43 goes east and west. I was told that a lady had come in before me with a copy of the same Nuttery with the same problem. Finally an employee said he had seen a grove of black walnuts in the park right in town. We arrived at the nut plantation about 12 noon. A man there said that he had seen 9 or 10 people walking around the trees, and they had left about a half hour before. We enjoyed taking pictures, looking for nuts for an hour or so, had our lunch and started for home. I still have no idea where the Oak Valley Plantation is. None of the people we talked to had ever heard of it. There are 41 BWs from Chesterville Park stratifying in my refrigerator now.

Thanks, we were very impressed by the walnut trees. I have been raising butternuts, black walnuts, shagbark hickory, red oak for a few years now. I am also starting a collection of old apple varieties by collecting scions and grafting onto seedling root stock. I have a few grafted nut trees from Ernie Grimo also. I had a great time at St. Catharines, Ontario, in August 1989, at the NNGA meeting. I met Guy Lefebvre there. I have several hundred red oak seedlings in second leaf, and several hundred butternut trees in first, second, and third leaf for sale, very cheap, bare root this fall or early spring.

I am sorry to have missed your fall field day. Maybe next time!

Sincerely, Carol O'Brien, P.O. Box 546, 11 Oak St., Sutton, Quebec J0E 2K0

From the ECSONG Chair... So sorry about the mixup on the location of the walnuts in Chesterville. The directions in the Nuttery were wrong. The ECSONG signs that were put up on highway 43 to try to redress the situation were unfortunately taken down just before you arrived. At the upcoming winter meeting you will hear lots about Oak Valley. Hope you can make it! If not, call Ralph McKendry who chairs the Oak Valley Plantation Committee for information. Congratulations on your success with nut trees! Carson Thompson is looking for butternuts this spring (see his article elsewhere in this issue).

Nut Growing in Milk/Juice Waxed Cartons

This involves stratification plus growth of plants.

In October 1990, six 1 litre and six 2 litre milk cartons were filled with soil, a ½" hole cut in bottom of each carton for drainage. Being square, they fit nicely in a cardboard box. Black walnuts were planted 2 in. deep, watered. The box was placed in an outside (unheated) stairwell for the winter. In April, box was placed on north side of house and watered weekly. 50% of these nuts germinated.

In October 1991, I planted all six trees at Oak Valley. It is very simple. Milk and juice cartons are 8"-12" max in height. So hole dug is 10" deep - maximum. The partly rotted carton peels off easily and cleanly down the seam. The ball of dirt is somewhat rootbound & so stays in tact and the tap root is not damaged. Very easy to plant.

After planting I mulched heavily with leaves to kill the grass nearby. I have Guy Lefebvre to thank for this idea - so far it works perfectly. Mark Schaefer has a variation on this - using clear plastic, litre or 1 quart milk bags - but same principle. I'm sure - with variations in soil, etc., these could be used for all nut species - i.e. Korean Nut Pine, acorns, etc. To me, the great advantage is that root systems are undisturbed compared to the trauma of transplantation, also you are recycling.

George Truscott

The Need to Grow Trees

Advertisement: "Help fill 100 Million vacancies by 1992.

There are at least 100 million tree planting sites available around our homes, towns and cities. It's time these vacancies were filled. To find out how you can help solve environmental problems by planting trees and reducing heat-trapping CO2 build-up in the earth's atmosphere, write Global ReLeaf, American Forestry Association, P.O. Box 2000, Dept. GR1, Washington, D.C. 10013

GLOBAL RELEAF - You can make a world of difference."

I've sent to the States for their info. Hope they include sources of trees. (Southern species).

Went to the Long Point Bird Observatory Annual in Burlington last week end. The speaker was Adrian Forsythe - incredible credentials! He spoke on "The Fate of Forest Birds and what amateurs can do about it." He said that globally, in the past 10 years, 16.8 million hectares have been cut and we don't have an estimate about selective cutting. In the NE of US, the old fields are no longer being farmed and are going back to forest. So birds appear to be increasing. But winter habitat is disappearing fast so birds who migrate will be [. Siberian boreal forests are now being cut. Indonesia is investing in pulp mills - produce pulp cheaper than Canadians. We are opening up our Boreal forests too. We are cutting 2 times as fast as regrowth. Brundtland report suggests each country save 12% of its forests. But what happens to the other 88%? How does the landscape work? We have no baseline in the east with which to compare today's forests with its populations. $80 billion a year is raised in N. America for charity. How much is for bird watching or for the environment? This young man is on forestry committees in Indonesia, has had articles published in Equinox and many other magazines.

Irene Woolford

(Editor's Note... Friends of the Earth in Ottawa have information about ReLeaf.)

Grants Supporting Chapter Projects

At the executive meeting 12/3 held on September 10, 1991, the executive agreed that a program to give grants to chapter projects from our revenues should be established. The procedures for making grants is as follows:

  1. Grants can only be made to established Chapter Committees undertaking chapter projects. Established committee means a committee with a Chair, a Secretary and at least one other member.
  2. The maximum amount for a single grant is $500. Grants can be applied for and made anytime. The availability of chapter funds will always be a factor in approving a grant.
  3. To apply, send a short, dated letter to the Secretary, ECSONG, from the applicant Committee Chair containing the following information about the proposed work:
  4. The executive will review the application at its next executive meeting, or, should circumstances warrant, at an extraordinary meeting.
  5. The results of the review will be made known in writing to the applicants.
  6. For approved grants, the successful applicants will then make suitable financial arrangements with ECSONG Treasurer for payment.
  7. On completion of the work, the committee must prepare a suitable article about the work for publication in the next issue of the Nuttery.

On the passing of George Joiner

I first met George Joiner in 1983. George was a new member and he soon took an active interest in the Baxter Nut Grove. In fact, along with Fil Park and Alec Jones, George took a lead in looking after the Baxter Nut Grove. George was at the Baxter Nut Grove almost every spring and at other times during the year. He headed up the spring field days, or work days tending the Grove, for a number of years. You had to get up pretty early in the morning to beat George and Fil, who usually drove together, to these Baxter Nut Grove field days.

George took pride in the appearance of the Baxter Nut Grove and took pleasure in seeing a job well done. It is, in part, thanks to George Joiner that the Baxter Nut Grove has maintained a park like setting and has matured to what it is today.

George was also a member of the Baxter Liaison Committee. His contribution will be missed.

Cliff Craig Chair Baxter Liaison Committee

George Ronald Joiner loved trees. Witness his pine grove at Otter Lake. One of the early members of ECSONG, George brought his energy and tree lore to the Baxter, and inspired the work that makes the Nut Grove the beautiful place it is today. George also was an eloquent writer of warm and comfortable prose: here reprinted is one of his articles published in a past issue of the Nuttery.

"Monday April 11th, up at 6 AM, the prospect of a beautiful day, light clouds, the sun struggling to break through, very cool. Picked up Fil Park at 7 AM, enjoyed the motor trip along the Rideau, turning out to be a perfect day. Arrived at the Baxter Nut Grove 8 AM. Within minutes, Alec Jones joined us.

Fil and Alec made a thorough appraisal of the nut grove, noting conditions of the trees, their comments to follow. Picked up my loppers at the Rideau Conservation area. Apparently last fall after working at the grove, I had left them in the field. Later learned Cliff Craig or one of his men found the loppers and brought them back to their workplace, a little rusted but still serviceable.

Before starting my work on the clearing of the brush, north side, I took a good look at the grove and noted how beautiful our area was, with the vivid green of the perimeter cedars and how sturdy and healthy our large trees appeared.

We do need help to make our nut grove a show place."

We will all miss George.

Hank Jones ECSONG Chair (continued)

Dowsing Applied to Trees

Does a tree have a sense of direction? Does it do better if it is placed in the correct orientation? The answer to both these questions is a definite yes. Now you ask, "How does one get the information?" By dowsing.

Dowsing has been described as a sixth sense making it possible by communicating with one's subconscious to obtain important information which would normally be beyond the ability of the five senses. A simple indicator such as a Y-rod, L-rods, or pendulum acts as an extension of one's body reactions.

Now back to the tree. Perhaps it would do better in a particular spot. Ask "Where, on this property, is the best location to plant this tree that will ensure its health, vigour, and productivity for the longest period of time?" Next, and most important, is to determine the orientation or direction the tree should be planted. Ask "In what direction should the front door of this tree be facing?" Then, "Please indicate on this tree, where the front door is." It is believed, that is where earth energies enter.

You've probably guessed by now that this article is not meant to give you full instructions. (Books have been written on the subject of dowsing), but it might have whetted your interest.

At the last Annual Convention of the American Society of Dowsers, in Danville, Vermont, Allen Brandes gave an hour lecture on the methods, and benefits of "tuning in" to the tree for the mutual help of both tree and grower.

Membership in the Society costs $25/yr. "The American Dowser" (a quarterly digest) is a wide open forum where the full range of dowsing thought is freely presented for thorough examination. In the Fall 1991 issue, James Sullivan (Macedon, NY) tabulates the relative health of 36 conifer seedlings after one winter. His data revealed "how the tree's survival rate diminishes rapidly the farther the orientation of its energy door deviates from due East." Only 9 trees were 100% green and healthy, they being the only ones "pointing" East. All other trees were between 50% and 0% green, except one pointing close to East, i.e. ENE, was 70% green, and one pointing West was 80% green (energy through the back door?).

It's quite obvious that we must use this sixth sense to obtain the information which is necessary for growing not only trees, but the best trees.

I have an audio tape of Allen Brandes' lecture, which I am willing to play for us if there is enough interest. Please contact me if you want more information.

Art Read

Perth Wildlife Reserve Hardwood Planting Project

To start with I would like to extend an invitation to your organization to tour the Reserve. I would be pleased to show how our plantings are geared towards wildlife. This may be a different approach to planting for most people.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to convert an abandoned field, which had grown up in brush, to a mixed stand favouring hardwoods. Wildlife habitat enhancement is to be the main objective. It goes without saying that good forestry practices will benefit wildlife. To be able to include this site in the Ministry of Natural Resources Hardwood Study is a bonus.

PRESCRIPTION: The area was cleared of brush with the exception of any good stems. (Ash, Red Maple, Black Cherry, Pin Cherry). All four plots were kept mowed prior to planting. The first plot was planted to softwood in 1989. In 1990 the first of the Red Oak was planted between the rows of softwood. Sawdust was the placed around each tree to cut back competition. Plot two was planted to softwoods along with sawdust placement in 1990. In the spring of 1991, Red Oak was planted between the rows of pine with saw dust treatment. Plot three was furrowed in October 1990. In the spring of 1991 Red Oak was planted on the furrows with softwoods between each row. With the lower end being a little wet, I planted only spruce and white pine. Plot four has not yet been completed. The area was mowed through the summer of 1991.

STOCK SOURCE: The stock to date has all come from the Petawawa National Forest Institute. All softwood came from their nursery, while the Red Oak seed was gather from the station and started on the Perth Wildlife Reserve. All Oak was planted out after one growing season.


TREATMENT: Having completed the various treatments along with the tubex, my initial feeling is that the plastic mats for competition control are not worth the effort. The hay mat is probably one step better. I feel that the thick chip and mulch is more pleasing to the eye than plastic and spot spraying. The availability of the chip mulch would be a factor on a large scale. I expect that the mulch, besides cutting back competition will provide some nutrients as it breaks down.

TUBEX: On our site it was not possible to get the tubex much below the surface. The stakes provided to support the tubex were of proper length and worked well. My only question would be whether they will last long enough before they rot off at the ground. Maybe cedar would be better. My only concern about the tubex is whether the stock will harden off sufficiently in the fall.

FUTURE PLANS: The plan for the spring of 1992 is to stock plot four with Butternut at the lower end and Red Oak at the top. Spruce and White Pine to be planted between the rows. Because this is quite a small scale project I intend putting in other plots in the area with a few different treatments. Example: Horse manure at 80-90% shavings, regular fertilizer, cow manure, wire guards. Whatever is done I intend forwarding the information to those receiving this original information.

Some other ideas for you...

On my own property I have an area of Ironwood which I am converting to a mixed stand, as the Ironwood is taken out.

To establish Red Oak, I have been planting the acorns out in the spring. The procedure is to layer the acorns in a 5 Gal. metal pail over winter. Approx. 1" of black earth is placed between each layer. The pail with a secure lid is placed in an unheated building. In spring when the acorns first split & the root points emerge, I then go through and pick out all the viable seed. Planting is done that same day to avoid drying. There are two reasons for wintering the seed this way. One is that by not planting in the fall, I avoid losing the seed to squirrels etc. over the winter. The second is that I am sure of planting only viable seed.

Being a wildlife sanctuary, we have a healthy deer population. With deer there comes damage to our trees. I have found that during the fall rut, bucks have a tendency to rub their antlers on Butternut trees in particular. Often the trees are stripped of bark & even broken off. One way to combat this problem is to protect the tree with 2" welded wire mesh 4 ft. high fastened together with J-clips and wired to 2 stakes.

3. The third is for people using Tubex tree shelters. Bluebirds characteristically explore all types of holes above ground level that are large enough for them to enter. What has been happening is that Bluebirds have gone down the tubex but are unable to get out. Anyone using tubex should screen the tops to keep the birds from entering. Once the tree is above the top of the tubex it is no longer a problem. The distributors of Tubex are aware of the problem and now provide screens.

I hope this information is of use to you. If you have any question just give me a call (1-267-5721).

Carson Thompson, Rideau Valley Conservation Authority, Perth Wildlife Reserve, P.O. Box 201 Perth, Ontario K7H 3E4

A Visit from Heather Apple

Heather Apple, formerly on the executive of SONG HQ, now in charge of the Heritage Seed Program, was in Ottawa attending meetings on seed preservation at the end of last October. On Sunday, October 27th, Hank and Mary Jane Jones had the pleasure of giving Heather a tour of several places of interest to nut people in the Ottawa area: the Dominion Arboretum, the grove of (bearing!) American chestnuts on Anderson Road in the east end, and the Baxter Nut Grove and Conservation Area.

Heather was very interested in and impressed by the co-operative and productive relationships ECSONG has developed with the provincial conservation authorities in the Ottawa area and with the Dominion Arboretum. She thinks the Dominion Arboretum should be a national center for the exchange of seeds and information. A great idea!

She was amazed at the American chestnuts on Anderson Road, one of which produced at least a dozen nuts last year. She was also extremely interested in the planting, pruning, and tree-care techniques that are being tried at the Baxter Nut Grove.

Heather suggested that a general conference of the members of both SONG chapters and the Northern Nut Growers should be held sometime within the next two or three years - to exchange information, seed, etc. She says that despite the enormous amount of work required, most participants find this kind of get-together very worthwhile and rewarding. There is a possibility of getting grants-in-aid for such a conference from corporations and governments.

All in all, the day was well spent, and we would welcome the opportunity to give other visitors to our region such a tour.

Seed Collecting for Newfoundland

In 1986 Mr. Woodrow Burry, a forester with the Newfoundland Department of Forest resources and Lands, approached the National Tree Seed Bank at Petawawa for help in obtaining certain kinds of tree seed, for use in setting up an arboretum. He asked for a small range of seed of conifers and a rather longer list of hardwoods, especially nut-bearing trees. Petawawa suggested asking the Arboretum about the conifers and SONG about the nut trees.

Mr. Burry was based at the Nursery of the Nfld. Dept. of Forest Resources and Lands, P.O. Box 616, Grand Falls, Nfld., A2A 2K2. He told me, when I was in Newfoundland in June, 1987, that the prevailing view was that their arboretum should be established in the SW corner of the island, but I don't know whether this still holds.

The Dominion Arboretum was unable to supply any of the conifer seed Newfoundland wanted, but agreed to help SONG to supply the other ones. Over the year SONG has shipped 12-20 seeds of the following species to Grand Falls (some shipments have been repeated in subsequent years, when the first ones have failed to perform well):

During this same period, Mr. Burry has sen us sample batches of NFLD-grown Balkan pine seed and of Beaked hazel, the latter being native to the island.

I learned, in June last, that Mr. Burry had recently retired from his service, but that the arboretum project was continuing. The information came from the Manager of the Nursery, Mr Barry Linehan. SONG has promised to try to supply, this fall, the following seeds:-

We have been trying for some time to collect these seeds, so far with little success.

It is hoped that you will have an opportunity to visit the Tree Nursery at Grand Falls, during your forthcoming visit to the island.

In view of the way this Dominion Arboretum/SONG project has developed, I propose to bring it to the notice of the liaison Committee (DALC).

Alec Jones

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.