The Nuttery : Volume 12 Number 1 April 1993

In this Issue...

Note the stamp in this issues posting: a hazel. This stamp is one of the series on trees Canada Post will be issuing until 1996. Soon we will see the Butternut, as ECSONG is helping Canada Post find suitable illustrations from which the stamp can be drawn.

Take note of the five important events coming up in May and June. Starting with the Baxter Spring Field Day on May 8, followed by Oak Valley Spring Field Day on May 15, the Dolman Ridge Arboretums Spring Field Day on May 29, the CBC Radio Noon Garden Party on June 4 and most importantly this year the official dedication and opening of the Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove at the Baxter Conservation Area on June 19. More information on the Spring Field Days is given in the information box below, and in individual articles inside this issue. Further date reminders are in the tentative ECSONG 1993/94 calendar at the back of the Nuttery.

A number of reports of past events are included for your information, namely the official minutes of last year's Annual General Meeting #14, the treasurer's report for the same, and the report on the most recent Winter Meeting.

Scanning on through this issue, you will find some important correspondence, and also news on an important nut culture project being lead by Ted Cormier. Also, take a gander at the Nuttery Marketplace for seed and stock sources.

Lastly, note our membership list (make sure your name appears correctly!), membership form should you or a friend need one, and most importantly, note the tentative schedule of events slated for ECSONG this year.

Have a pleasant spring and a warm summer!

The Spring Field Day at Baxter

On May 8, 1993, starting at 10:00 AM the Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove Liaison Committee (formerly the Baxter Nut Grove Liaison Committee) will host the FRP Nut Grove Spring Field Day. See the map for directions to the nut grove, which is located in the Baxter Conservation Area near Kars.

The 14-year-old grove is maturing nicely, with most of the earliest planted specimens now old enough to be flowering and fruiting. The landscaping is coming along also. Work is always needed to hold back the local bush from encroaching on the grove. Some work is needed in the trees themselves, such as pruning, marking and mulching. The pond is ready for good ideas on how to shape it into the landscape so that it blends with the trees while being safe for our younger visitors. Nature has stocked the pond with turtles, frogs and fish.

This spring's work is special. The grove will be put into its best condition ever for its official dedication and opening on June 19, 1993. ECSONG members and friends and families, officials from the Conservation Authorities and local governments, the public and the press will all be present for the ceremonies. Come along on the 8th with your tools and lets make the nut grove the piece de resistance amongst all the grove in Eastern Ontario! For more information contact Cliff Craig, Alec Jones or Dave Johnstone.

The Oak Valley Spring Field Day

On Saturday, May 15, 1993, starting at 10:00 AM, any and all members plus kids and/or friends and/or neighbours will be welcomed with open arms at our Oak Valley site for the 1993 Spring Field Day! (See adjacent map for directions.) We will on site most of the day, so if you cannot come right on 10:00 AM, drop by anytime. Bring along a shovel each, or a spade, rake, secateurs, etc., as well as your own food and drinks if you plan to stay with us specially over lunch. The site is a attractive picnic spot, with its old ruins, river and wildlife, and will be an important landmark in Eastern Ontario in years to come.

Your enthusiasm for outdoor work will be welcome. Here is an opportunity to join in our efforts to develop a nut grove on the South Nation River in collaboration with the South Nation River Conservation Authority (SNRCA). Rich soil, and nearby mature oaks, hickories, butternuts and hackberries, together with a climate somewhat milder than Ottawa's, encourages trials of species and varieties/cultivars new to Eastern Ontario. Some 50 such 'imports' of 10 varieties will be planted this spring under a joint project between ECSONG and the Eastern Ontario Model Forest (EOMF) called Eastern Ontario Nut Culture Project (EONC). The Project Leader is our own Ted Cormier of The Seed Source in Oxford Mills.

The major activity for this Field Day will be planting out commercial stock and black walnuts from the on-site nursery. (If you need stock for you own project, there is a modest surplus of black walnut seedlings on-site this year which will be available to participants.) Site preparation work done last fall should make our transplanting task easier. Trees to be transplanted include a number now in the path of the planned access roads. As well, there is enough tending, mulching and brush-lopping to be done to satisfy a range of tastes and zeal for exhilarating, spring outdoor work. If you are not sure how all this is done, and want to learn, our experts will show you!

So we hope to see you, one and all, at Oak Valley on Saturday, May 15th. Meanwhile, let us pray for good weather: we sure deserve some! If you have any questions, call Ralph McKendry in Ottawa at 728-6511.

The Oak Valley Project Committee

Additional unsolicited notes for eager beavers... It will be obvious that the development of new culture at a new site such as Oak Valley would be painfully slow if activities were limited to what could be accomplished in the course of one Spring and one Fall Day each year. To ensure that progress continues to be encouragingly fast the following are some of the other activities for 1993 within the framework of our thirty-year 'Vision 20/20 Development Plan':

While it is expected the South Nation River Conservation Authority (SNRCA) will undertake the latter three tasks, there remains plenty for ECSONG member and friends to do. The fencing tasks are do-able in the course of a couple of 'fencing bees' which could yield dividends in both fun and satisfaction. Scheduling is flexible, so the most volunteers can participate. To be a participant at the leading edge of this important project, call Ralph, or Ernie Kerr in Ottawa 521-3632.

Spring Field Day at the Dolman Ridge Arboretums

Mark May 29th on your calendar...

On Saturday, May 29, 1993, ECSONG and the Macoun Club will have a joint Spring Field Day at the Dolman Ridge Arboretums by Mer Bleu. The Macoun Club is the junior wing of the Ottawa Field Naturalist, enlisting some fifty children from Grades 3 to 8 who are budding naturalists. They are interested in the trees we are monitoring, and will be seeking information about them. They will need to know how to identify the species, recognize the leaves, flowers and fruit.

If you have a special interest in showing children the in and out of nut trees and how to grow, come along. Bring more kids! The more the better!

CBC Radio Noon Outdoor Broadcast

You may recall last year when the CBC radio program, 'Radio Noon', held its outing last June, ECSONG was invited to provide one of the exhibits. Naturally, we were there, at the Garden of the Dominion Experimental Farm by Prince of Wales Drive. Several members took turns managing our booth. They met many people, including a number of celebrities there for the broadcast, or just 'to be seen'. We offered our literature, and demonstrated cracking black walnuts and butternuts, which many visitors tasted. Few knew such delicacies grew in this region! We answered many questions, and encouraged the folks to plant trees, specially nut trees.

Well, we have been invited to return this year, on Friday, June 4, 1993, same place. Only this year, the outing will be extended to the full afternoon. Set up time starts at 9:00 AM, so that we will be able to accept visitors by 9:30 AM. The program will continue through both Radio Noon and All in a Day, until nearly 6:00 PM. Of course, we will be meeting many more people than we did last year.

This is an opportunity for you to meet and greet people who will be at first surprised, then fascinated, with the idea that nut trees can grow locally. They will want to know about your own experiences, and to hear how and why you pursue this hobby or avocation. There will be lots of demonstration materials on hand at the booth, so that you can show as well as tell.

Mary Jane Jones will be organizing the exhibit. Please call her if you can put in some time at the booth. You will be pleasantly surprised by the people you will meet...

Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove

Saturday, June 19, 1993...

On this day, the ECSONG saga will reach a watershed. On this day, the nut grove in the Baxter Conservation Area will officially open to the public as the Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove, in fond memory of the man who founded both our chapter and the nut grove. The Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove is the first of the ECSONG nut groves in Eastern Ontario, started in 1978, and carefully tended continually since. Its earliest specimens now bloom and form fruit for all visitors to admire. In full leaf, the grove charms hikers and invites a quiet rest in their shade, even a picnic. Many species and cultivars share the site, and new ones arrive almost every year. The grove is by no means completed, nor will it ever be. Every year will bring new growth, more fruit, more wildlife, more visitors and new knowledge about nut growing in Eastern Ontario. We are all sure Fil would be pleased and proud of this nut grove.

So on Saturday, June 19, 1993, we will all gather at the grove, by the new sign displaying the grove's name, to dedicate it to Fil's memory, and to open it to the public. The ceremony will involve not only Fil's family, but members of ECSONG, the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority, local officials, the press and others who recognize the value of the Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove to the people of Eastern Ontario.

For more information, contact Cliff Craig, Chair, Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove Liaison Committee, at the RVCA headquarters in Manotick.

St. Lawrence Parks: Important Source of Nut Trees and Micro-Climate

For many years tourists and adventurers have enjoyed the wooded splendour of the various parks of the St. Lawrence Parks Commission nestled along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. To proponents of Nut Trees and collectors of tree seed for reforestation purposes, the areas of these parks are home to some of the rarest and most valuable hardwood trees in the region of Eastern Ontario. Combine with this the unique micro-climate of the St. Lawrence River, and you have an area favoured for tree nut production as it is for the many apple orchards throughout the area.

Renowned for its ridges of white pine stands the Thousand Islands park area also contains stands of Black Walnut, Shagbark Hickory, Red, White and Bur Oak. Many shrubs such as Red Osier, dogwood and nannyberry valuable for wildlife enhancement are found extensively along the Long Sault Parkway as well as many large Bur Oak Trees and some Shagbark and Bitternut Hickory. In many years the moderating influence of the St. Lawrence River protects these areas from late frosts that damage tree flowers. Crops of tree nuts and acorns will occur here when other areas distant from the river will have little or none. This has been beneficial to the collection of nuts and acorns and seed for reforestation uses by the Ministry of Natural Resources and for individuals collecting for themselves. Speaking for myself as a collector of tree seeds, the bounty of the park areas has enhanced my annual income from tree seed procurement.

Currently, I have undertaken a project with the cooperation of the Eastern Chapter of the Society of Ontario Nut Growers and other interested individuals and groups to explore the potential of commercial nut tree culture in Eastern Ontario as part of the Eastern Ontario Model Forest Program. Our goal is to test the viability of different nut trees in the climate of Eastern Ontario. These trial sites would be distributed throughout Eastern Ontario and we would hope to expand public awareness and education of nut culture and its potential as a food source.

We would like to approach the St. Lawrence Parks Commission about the possibility of placing some trial areas on the islands of the St. Lawrence Parks. Areas such as the Thousand Islands and the Long Sault Parkway would be favoured as areas with already existing nut tree species and "micro-climates" conducive to nut tree culture.

These trials would consist of planting different nut tree species in group plantings and the possible "grafting" of scion material to existing shagbark hickory, black walnut and bur oak stock. This graft technology is beneficial to the production of nut tree orchards and improved varieties which bear fruit at an earlier age.

These areas could enhance the public's appeal for the areas of the St. Lawrence parks as well as the wildlife food supply within the park boundaries. Many of these trees are very attractive in form and would tend to enhance the park environment.

Ted Cormier

Minutes of Winter Meeting

Minutes of Winter Meeting of ECSONG, February 3, 1993

Meeting held at The Ottawa Citizen Building, 8:00 p.m.

Hank welcomed everyone and invited members to become active in the organization and executive activities.

1. Alec Jones, Chair, Dominion Arboretum Liaison Committee

Alec spoke of the history of the Arboretum at the Dominion Experimental Farm. Founded in 1886, it is the most northerly arboretum on the continent. Consists of 165 acres and approximately 6000 trees, shrubs, etc. Some on various parts of the Farm.

Due to recent government cutbacks, staff have been lost, and trees cannot be replaced. Thus "The Friends of the Experimental Farm" was formed to try to help and modernize the Arboretum. The organization numbers about 2000, is organized into various teams - e.g. Green thumb team (gardens), tree team - arboretum mapping etc., Tour guiding, seed collecting, support group - labels etc.

Darryl Abbinett has been taking photos of nut trees in the Arboretum - a valuable service.

2. Ralph McKendry, Chair, Oak Valley Plantation Committee Ralph said the Nation River used to flood annually. The bends were taken out, and it was channelled, thus the Oak Valley piece of land was formed & purchased by the South Nation River Authority. Irene Woolford started planting nut trees there some years ago. The last five years ECSONG has been involved. Last spring Ernie Kerr brought about 25 trees (about 8 varieties) from western Ontario. These were planted.

The South Nation River Authority cooperates with us. They allowed ECSONG to cut down the Manitoba maples at the west end. This has all been cleaned up. There are plans to fence it with a rail fence. On the north side will be a shelterbelt of evergreens with a row of Korean nut pine inside.

We have a nursery, plus a nut sprouting system. Many Black Walnut were planted out into the nursery last fall. The adjoining property to the west has bitternut hickory, hackberry, butternut, etc.

Irene, with financial assistance from Shell Oil, arranged for fall leaves collected around to be delivered to the site for compost and mulch in the fall of 1991. Steve Palmer mowed and chewed up many maples in the plot with his machine last summer. A local farmer will plow up the 4 acres to the north and west of the old building site. It will be seeded in buckwheat. We will then use it to plant out nut trees.

It is an interesting project. Members are invited to come out and see it next spring. Help also is needed.

4. Cliff Craig, Rideau Valley Conservation Authority, Baxter Nut Grove Liaison Committee

Cliff acknowledged the work of committee members. A new member of the Committee is Dave Johnstone. May 9 was the work day last year. It was raining, but much was accomplished. Once again, a work day will be held early in May this year.

A dedication ceremony to re-name the Grove in honour of Fil Park is planned for the summer. A brochure concerning the Nut Grove is in preparation; hopefully to be available at the time of the dedication.

It is also planned that a tree will be dedicated to George Joiner. A suitable tree must be found and would have to be dug, transported and planted. Next year the ceremony could be held.

A meeting concerning the above is planned for February 23rd in the RVCA office at Manotick.

5. Ted Cormier

Ted spoke about the Eastern Ontario Model Forest, one of the objects of which is to develop a sustainable forest in Eastern Ontario. Also to promote forest projects other than apples and sugar bush.

Ted said cultivars for this area should be developed. With EOMF cooperation and funding Ted plans to establish trial sites from the St. Lawrence to Lanark to do research. Oak Valley and Baxter could be part of this research. The Indians of Akwesasne may be interested; also the local agricultural community. Possible that private land may be included. One possible project is the grafting of conifers, such as Korean nut pine. This is a 5 year project.

6. Bob Scally

Bob's plantation is on Wolf Island in the St. Lawrence. He pruned his trees last February and March & there was a vast improvement in the form of the trees. His experiment the previous year failed. It involved vegetation elimination with Round-up, then broadcasting various seeds. This was then rototilled. Here the error occurred. The rototilling brought a hundred years worth of seeds to surface, and only the black walnuts showed through. Bob spoke of using sawdust and lime as a mulch.

Hank thanked the speakers, the cooks and suppliers of tasty bits and coffee, and The Citizen for allowing us the use of the building.

Meeting adjourned at 9:55 p.m.

George N. Truscott Secretary

Minutes of 13th Annual General Meeting

Minutes of 13th Annual General Meeting of the Eastern Chapter, Society of Ontario Nut Growers

The meeting was held in the Interpretative Centre of the Baxter Conservation Area. Called to order by Hank Jones, Chair, at 10:45 a.m. A quorum (approximately 25 persons) was present.

Alec Jones moved that the Minutes of last year's meeting be approved. Seconded by Art Read.

Chair's Report Hank Jones reported that the Oak Valley and Arboretum projects are progressing nicely. Our financial resources are increasing; we will be giving $500 grants to worthy projects. The nut cookbook is sold out. The video on pruning is available from the librarian, Alec Jones. There is a lot of other reference material in the library, as well. Inventree: we want to know about natural or feral trees in the area. Can make notes on an Inventree card, or other postcard, and mail it in. Bob Scally has a collection of photographs of past events. We have received a request from the Petawawa library for a nut grower's manual. Proposal to donate one was approved unanimously. At the invitation of Anstace and Larry Esmonde-White, we made a video for broadcast on the PBS television program "From a Country Garden" on nut growing. Its title is "Nuttin' on the Farm". It was broadcast on February 22nd. We have had some good feedback. Also, we were featured in a local CBC news program, Newsday, last fall. The segment, which was reported by Mark Van Dusen, was filmed at Pansy Patch Park in Pembroke.

Treasurer's Report Art Read reported a $468 excess of revenue over expenditure for 1991. We now have $2366 in the bank. Proposals for funding projects are invited. Some revenue from the sale of seed. Report accepted.

Nominations Committee Bob Scally was unable to attend. [It was agreed at the end of the day to let the present executive decide what to do about officers for the coming year.]

Committee Reports 1. Nuttery: Hank Jones. The Nuttery is produced quarterly. Timed to precede meetings and field days. Cost: $1.25 each - about half of the membership fee. We ship 120 copies. First section is on Chapter projects; the second contains general information and news. Articles, reports, etc. are welcome. The third section, Marketplace, has advertisements, offerings, etc. The 4th and 5th parts are the membership list and membership form. New directions: publication manual - some people are interested and a meeting will be held.

2. Baxter Liaison Committee: Cliff Craig. Cliff noted the passing of George Joiner who contributed much to the Baxter Nut Grove. Dave Johnstone is a new member of the Committee. The nut grove will be named after Fil Park: Fillmore R. Park Nut Grove. This could be done in an official opening ceremony with special maps, brochures, etc., perhaps in late summer. There will also be a commemorative tree planting in memory of George Joiner. Official dedication, perhaps of a new variety (e.g., white oak) to be later. Anyone with a suitable tree should notify Cliff. We applied again for assistance from the Environmental Youth Corps Program. If successful RVCA will look after the administration. Two young people with forestry background to further master plan for the nut grove, day to day maintenance and monitoring, etc. Spring field day will be May 2 (or 3) - alternate day if raining. Will include general clean-up, mulching, new planting, fertilizing, perhaps some thinning or moving. Can use all help available. Date will be published in the next Nuttery. Members suggested a master plan of Baxter Nut Grove be published. Guy Lefebvre mentioned any negative feed back on results in the Grove would be valuable to other growers regarding hardiness, etc. Hank suggested that perhaps Ernie Kerr, who has surveyed the Oak Valley Plantation, should be asked to survey Baxter as well. An air photo of Baxter could also be useful. Russian Connection - Art Read could transplant some to Baxter Nut Grove. Alec Jones noted that the young seedlings or nuts which were planted in the past didn't survive well. Cliff Craig suggested that perhaps it would be better to raise trees in nurseries for a few years. Brian Barkley noted that new photographs of the area are available. Packages [software ?] are available - plot layout could be done and updated on a personal computer.

3. Oak Valley Plantation. Hank spoke about Oak Valley. Ralph McKendry and Irene Woolford were unable to attend. Oak Valley, on the South Nation River, used to be farmland. Irene started process years ago with the SNRCA, which supplied encouragement only. Irene worked alone at first. Manitoba maples and wild carrot had taken over the site. Last year a lot of people started working: Ralph McKendry, Ernie Kerr, George Truscott, etc. Efforts started on a master plan with a 30-year horizon: Plan 2020. Details of work on 5 year and 1 year plan are being worked out. The Committee will meet March 26 with the South Nation River Authority to finalize plans and how work will be shared. ECSONG might provide technical advice; the Authority to manage and provide practical assistance. Still in the air. Field day will be May 9 (10). People encouraged to come out on the field day. Report should be made available by Ralph for anyone who wants to see it.

4. Dominion Arboretum Liaison Committee: Alec Jones. There are 3 major projects: a.) Request from Newfoundland government for seed of nut trees and hardwoods from Arboretum. No staff available. Turned it over to ECSONG. Only 3 species to provide seed for. They are now considering for their arboretum. Hopefully finish this summer. b.) Liaison with Eastern Siberia. We received their samples. Ours were returned by Moscow post office. No reply to our inquiries. c.) Photo library of all species of nut trees in the Arboretum is being made. There were no photographs of nut trees for use by post office for stamps, so project started by Darryl Abbinnett. Some of his photos were shown at the winter meeting. He is working on technical problems still. Result so far is very good. Supply 2 collections: ECSONG and Arboretum. Plans to add species to the Arboretum are being considered. People who indicated an interest in the Arboretum weren't contacted, but work plan is now available for them. Friends of the Farm work for the betterment of the Arboretum & volunteers have to join @$10 - to work on the Ministry of Agriculture land. Are re-measuring the Arboretum and re-marking the trees. Identity tag and a marker on each tree. Many have gone. Also need for gardeners to maintain shrub beds, usually single species; some require light work, some require chain saw; need tour guides for short condensed tours; need high school biology and education students; and seed collectors for Newfoundland. Also, flower and tree seeds can be sold. There is a bit of wild land at the east end of the Arboretum. Walkways could be put in. There are native plants there. Making labels, mapping, etc., has to be done. Anyone interested would be welcome & could see the work schedule. Amateurs are doing it. Army services did original. Some markers missing.

5. Nut Industry Development Committee: Guy Lefebvre. Information re sources, stock, etc. Needs to be done on provincial scale. Could get something going with the commercial end. Could have companies advertising in Nuttery. It would raise funds - e.g., wood workers etc. may be interested. A catalogue could be developed & Nuttery could bring people together - i.e. growers, merchants, nurseries, lumber companies, nursery equipment, sales and service. Send information for a catalogue to Source Wood Products - Guy would develop a catalogue. Could be broken down to local, provincial and national categories. Guy will be selling some young trees this spring: heartnut, northern pecan, ? hickory. "The Market Place" is a good source of information on planting and availability of stock. He's making an inventory of about 1200 black walnut trees, with information about the trees, wood available, type of soil. Grafting may be a good idea to grow good trees - e.g. Carpathian onto black walnut stock, etc.

6. Andy Molino - Idea for Nut Grove in Lanark: Andy is on the Board of Directors of the Youth Services Bureau which helps children with emotional and other problems. It is funded by the province and does outpatient work. They have bought a camp - 50 acres - in Lanark on the Clyde River. The kids have cleaned it up. They wonder whether ECSONG would help set up a nut grove on this land. There are a lot of different species there. Could set up a grove as a vehicle to get the kids interested in planting, etc. Could teach them over the years how to plant, care for trees, etc.

During the lunch break there was a tour of the nut grove.

Technical Sessions:

1. Guy Lefebvre showed slides about growing walnuts, nursery beds, tube shelters, etc.

2. Mark Schaefer and Moe Anderson talked about the NCC plantations on Anderson Road. There are some good trees but they haven't been cared for. The American chestnuts are alive, and there are even some seedlings. Mark has found 1983 record of work Moe did. A lot of nut trees out there. NCC are quite interested; may provide a work force. Planting started about 1972. The American chestnuts are a good source of somewhat acclimatized seed. There are also white oak - a rarity. Moe stratified 400 American chestnut. There are now about 12 out there.

3. Brian Barkley, one of the senior foresters in Eastern Ontario, spoke about a new era in forestry programs. Nuts are well suited to agro-forestry activities. Provincial nurseries in the south have more than 12 species. Northern nurseries have jack pine, white and black spruce, and red pine - which are easy to collect and grow. Sugar maple - not so well known re growing & need. Pine etc. easy to grow, minimum care. Hardwoods are fussy and need care. Decided best bets were a lot more nut species. Ministry may want us to acquire nuts as seed for them. District will know if seed is needed - they pay for it. Ministry has an advisory & extension service for growers. They have information on mulches, mulch mats, etc. Forest Policy panel does a lot of consulting with the public. They want to hear from all sides. If we have a position, let them know. Policy is sustainable forestry, alternatives to herbicides, mulch guards, etc., gene pool conservation. Tree improvement cooperative - under discussion. Development of private woodlands strategy - how should it be handled. All this is being reviewed, so spend time to put forward position papers and become involved. Eastern Ontario Model Forest program. A lot of groups, companies, etc. have been involved here. If successful a meeting will be called and will oversee the activities. Feds would supply up to $1 million a year for it.

4. Patsy Brooks. a horticulturist from the program "From a Country Garden", described Larry and Anstace Esmonde-White's farm/garden. They are interested in growing nut trees. Visitors are welcome.

5. Rick Jones demonstrated how to make videotapes quickly and easily. He showed a 4 minute video about nut cracking he and Hank made this morning. It was unedited and seen then for the first time: excellent quality and well presented.

The meeting adjourned at 2:45 p.m. The PBS program video was shown for those who wished to stay. Election of new officers will be figured out by executive.

Respectfully submitted, George Truscott Secretary

Treasurer's Report

Treasurer's Report for Year ended 31 December 1992

Eastern Chapter of S.O.N.G.

Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for Year Ending December 31, 1992

Revenue                               1992   1991

Donations                           330.00  300.00
1-year memberships                  230.00  190.00
3-year memberships                  700.00  300.00
33 Manuals, 27 Recipe books                 370.15
10 Manuals, 6 Recipe books          133.45
Coffee                               27.10   33.25
Seed                                  5.00    7.00
Advertising                          10.00   20.00
Bank interest                        51.01   64.19
     TOTAL                        1486.56  1284.59

Expenditure

Nuttery Printing                    324.02  196.56
Labels, envelopes                    57.03   57.43
Nuttery postage                     325.83  132.95
Other postage                        47.15   23.99
Office supplies                       6.21   12.65
Photocopying                          2.30   73.93
Miscellaneous                               246.13
Young trees                                 175.95
2 videos from U. of Guelph                   77.90
Augur rental                                 89.82
Bank service charges                 74.40   72.60

     TOTAL                         1180.61  816.24

Excess of Revenue over Expenditure  305.95  468.35

Balance forward from Previous year 2366.07 1897.72

Balance as of year end             2672.02 2366.07

Respectfully submitted by: Art Read, March 2, 1993

Letter from Doug Campbell

31 January 1993 Campberry Farm R.R. 1, Niagara-on-the-Lake Ontario L0S 1J0

Hello Hank-

I want to commend you for a terrific Dec/92 edition of La Noiseraie - Good Stuff - Lots of planting activity - The troops have achieved more than I thought they could in so little time- Probably lots more possible too!!

Very best returns.

Yours truly, Doug Campbell

Letter from Tree Farm Committee, Ontario Forestry Association

Ontario Forestry Association Tree Farm Committee 3A - 260 Metcalfe Street Ottawa, Ontario K2P 1R6 February 24, 1993

Hank Jones Eastern Chapter, Society of Ontario Nut Growers 94 Cameron Avenue Ottawa, K1S 0X1

Dear Mr. Jones:

At the Eastern Ontario Winter Woodlot Conference in Kemptville on February 18 you spoke eloquently of the purposes and promise of the organization you were representing on the panel. I enjoyed and found useful the information you gave us. However I had the feeling that an opportunity was being lost to give one important answer to the question before the panel: "How can organizations become more effective in the wise and profitable management of the private woodland resources of Ontario?"

The answer I wanted to hear was "Cooperation among them". When I did not hear it, except from the lips of John Kerr-Wilson whose Model Forest Group is founded on the principle, I felt I had to offer the answer myself. So I did, and I apologize if I caused any offence in doing so.

I said that I would be writing to invite you to associate your organization with the work of the Ontario Forestry Association Tree Farm Committee. My purpose is simply to establish contact so that we can explore together the possibilities for cooperation on those issues in which we have common interests. I have in mind, for example, the problem of communicating with our members and with the general public at a cost that we can support on a sustained basis. We have some ideas and I expect you do too. Perhaps we should share them.

If you are interested in cooperation on matters of common concern please let me know.

Sincerely, Arthur Mathewson

From the Chair... Mr Mathewson's desire will be presented at the next executive. I believe ECSONG is most interested in participating in works of common interest with OFA and its committees. I recall several years ago sending OFA a copy of our proposal on private lands acclimatised seed management program (PLASM) seeking their participation, Since then, with the creation of the Eastern Ontario Model Forest project, ECSONG has managed to establish the Eastern Ontario Nut Culture Project jointly with EOMF. This project incorporates our PLASM concept. We would be pleased if the OFA Tree Farm Committee found this project interesting. Our PLASM proposal for Ontario addresses the problem of forest survival in the face of the predicted global severe climate warming.

Looking for Black Walnut or Butternut seed?

In the fall of '92, Bernice Noblitt called in to say that the nut trees planted at her home by Harvey Noblitt and friends starting some thirty years ago were heavy with fruit. Could ECSONG make use of it? Why, of course! Several hundred pounds of Black Walnut and Butternut were quickly gathered up, and spread amongst several good homes. Thank you, Bernice.

Bernice called the Nuttery just the other day to say that she offers the same deal for 1993 should the trees bear. It will not be long now before we will be able to see what the trees might do this year. If you might want some seed this fall, keep Bernice's offer in mind.

For more information, call the Nuttery editor.

Lieutenant French's Exploration of the Rideau River, 1783

In her researches, Mary Jane Jones from time to time finds interesting accounts mentioning nut trees. The following is a very early account of native trees in the lower Ottawa valley and along the Rideau River from its mouth to its source. The point of departure, Carillon, is an old settlement on the Ottawa River, 42 miles west of Montreal. [Source: National Archives of Canada, MG 21, Add. Mss. 21829, Haldimand Papers, Surveys etc., of Settlements for the Loyalists, n.d., 1782-1784]

1783 Septr. 29th

A Journal of Lieutenant French's Proceedings in Exploring the Lands on the Ottawa River from Carillon to the Rideau and from the Mouth of the Rideau to its source, from thence to the River Gananoucoui and down the same to its Fall into the St Lawrence about five Leagues North East from Cataraqui-

Departed from Carillon with Seven men of the Provincials, Two Canadians, and an Indian as Guide with two Bark Canoes to the Head of the Long Sault, about Twelve Miles Distance - steering West 45 Degs. North in the General Course, Myself with a Party Travelled on the North Side over a Tract of Land laying [sic] between the River and Mountain at about Two Leagues Distance. A Great Part of which we found to be a good soil well watered with small streams, Timbered...Principally with Beech, Maple & Birch, sufficiently level and in Every respect fit for Agriculture-; the other Parts are Rocky & uneven but not to that degree as to prevent a good Road being made without any uncommon difficulty. The Mountain on the North Joins the River at the head of the Long Sault.

30th Proceeded up the Ottawa steering West 5 Degrees South about 12 miles, sending out a Party on the South Shore, who Reported they had been a League and that the Lands were bad, consisting of Stoney Ridges, Timbered with Evergreens & low Swamps/ from thence we continued in the same Direction about Ten Miles further, where I made an Excursion of a League South, finding the Lands Stoney, a Bad Soil and Timbered with Hemlock, Cedar &ca. The Mountain in this Days Journey continues with the River on the North, and the South Shore Drowned in time of high Water-

1st Oct Proceeded West 20 Degrees South to a Point called the Barrier at 18 miles Distance - the Ottawa is here nearly a League in breadth, [?]ing several Islands of considerable Extent - which as well as the South Shore are annually overflowed, and but a small portion of them are high enough for Meadow Lands -

A Party sent out at the Barrier South, Reported they had been two miles and found no Land fit for Tillage. The Mountain leaves the North shore about Ten Miles before we arrived at the Barrier, from then we continued steering West 15 Degrees South 5 Miles, Encamping on the North shore, on a piece of Land, which raises above the high Water mark laying between the River and a Deep Marsh about one mile Back and by Traceing it a considerable distance each way found it Intirely level of the best Soil and timbered chiefly with birch & Hickory. From behind the Marsh, the Land has an Easy Ascent towards the Mountain, which appears to be at 7 or 8 Miles Distance-

A Party sent at the same time on the South Shore, Reported they had been more than a League, that after Leaving the River half a mile they raised onto high lands of an Excellent Soil, Timbered with Beech Maple &c clear of Rocks or Stones and that the Further they penetrated the more Even and Fertile the Land appeared -

Oct. 2d Steered West 15 Degrees South 10 Miles, from whence I sent a Party to the Distance of a League on the South Side who Reported they found the Lands Rockey for a Quarter of a Mile, and then it was good and Equal to what had been seen the day before. In the same Time I made an Excursion to the North and found a Marsh behind at the distance of a Mile and a half, and the land between that and the River to be of the Best sort. From thence we continued about 8 miles in the same Direction to the River de Rideau and by a Carrying Place of a Mile Entered our Canoes into the Rideau.

3rd A Party sent South East from the Carrying Place, Reported they had been a League and found the Soil Everywhere good and Deep, Timbered with maples, Elms and Butternut, but did not discover any Springs or water in their Route.

From the Carrying Place we steered up the Rideau South 15 Degrees West, Five Miles in still deep water, and then for about 7 miles further in a Rapid Current. In this Days Journey the Canoes were Navigated by two men Each, a Party travelled on each side the River, myself always being one, changing sides occasionally and frequently leaveing the Shore at half a miles distance.

The Banks of the River in general raise about Twelve Feet above the high water, from there the Land Continues very level, it is a Dark Soil from 7 to 10 Inches Deep, with a Sandy Loam below, clear of Rocks and Stones, Timbered with maple, Beech, Birch, Elm, Butternut &c with an Edging of Cedar & Pine always covering the Banks of the River and wherever the Water is Rapid the Shores are lined with Lime Stone - in this Route there was two Excursions made on Each side the River to the Distance of a League, in which myself & Party found the Lands Everywhere good. We Encamped at the Entrance of a Small Rapid River from the North Wt. forming a Convenient Mill Place.

4th Oct. Continued South 15 Degrees West, for about Ten Miles in still Deep water, where the Rideau receives another Small River from the North West, from thence we had a Rapid Current for Five Miles in the same Direction. In this Days Route we proceeded as on the 3rd & found the Lands the same as well in our Excursions as on the Shores of the River

5th Proceeded Steering South 45 Degrees West, about 16 Miles in still Deep water, the River here is from 100 to 150 yards Broad, the Shores are low and overflowed in the time of high Water to about 80 Roods back where the Land Raises high and is equally good as that Discovered the two Preceeding Days. A Considerable River enters here from the East which leads to a Branch of the River de la Petite Nation, from whence the Indians have a Communication to [Aswagacha ?]. A Party sent from hence one League North West, Reported that they found the Soil & Timber the same as hitherto, but the surface not so level. At the same time I made an Excursion South East, & found the soil good, with a few Pine and Hemlock Trees mixed with the Timber.

We continued Steering South 60 Degrees West about 5 miles in Rapid Shallow Water, meeting with a Fall sufficient for Mills, the High Lands again joins on the River, & is stoney and uneven for near half a mile back where they are Level.

Oct. 6th We Proceeded South 25 Degrees West about four Miles in Rapid Water, meeting with a Considerable Fall, and a Camping Place of 400 yards, from thence the Water is still for five Miles in the same Direction with a Drowned Swamp about 50 Roods broad on each side the River, behind which the Land Raises high, with a Gravelly soil, Timbered principally with Beech, and Stoney, but not to that Degrees as to render it unfit for Cultivation.

A Party sent out on each side to the Distance of two Miles, Reported they had found no Stones more than half a mile Back, & that the soil was good. From thence we continued South 45 Degrees West about 4 Miles, the River here is very crooked and Rapid, the Lands continuing Stoney on the Shores with a Little Gravel in the soil, & Timbered with Beech & Maple.

7th A Party sent from our Encampment on each side Reported they had been a League and found no Stones at any Considerable Distance back and that the soil and timber was equal in goodness to any seen before. From thence we Proceeded South 45 Degrees West about 5 miles where we met with Eight Falls in the Distance of a Mile - from 4 to 10 Feet Each, and the River divided by several Rocks and Island Forming very convenient Places for Mills. Continuing in the same Direction for 6 miles further we entered into a Lake. The Lands in this Days Journey in General are Stoney and uneven, near the River but Level & good a Little Back.

Oct. 8th Proceeded South 40 Degrees West about 3 miles in the lake, from whence I made an Excursion South East of 2 miles, finding the Soil and Timber good. Proceeding 8 Miles further South 45 Degrees West, I sent a party on the West Shore who Reported they had been three miles Back and that the Lands were good and clear of Stones and Timbered as usual, from thence We Continued South 45 Degrees West to a Narrows at 5 miles distance. I have made an Excursion to the East discovering no other Alteration than a few Stones in the Land.

9th We Proceeded South 30 Degrees West 5 miles to the South East point of the Lake, from whence by a Carrying Place of a Mile and a Quarter, we entered our Canoes into the River Gananoucoui. The Lake is from one to three miles Broad and the good Lands joines on the Water at the Bottoms of all the Bays, the Points [?] into the Lake are Rocks & Stones Timbered with Hemlock.

10th Proceeded down the Gananoucouie, steering in a General Course South 30 Degrees East to a small Lake, & by a River to a second and a Carrying Place to a 3d Lake, & again by a River to the 4th Lake from whence we had a Carrying Place of a Mile & half, Reckoning the whole distance about 16 Miles. The Lands laying in this Route is Intirely too Rocky to Cultivate. The Timber is Pine Ceder & Mountain Oak, the whole bad of its kind. At the Carrying Places mentioned are good Mill Places.

Oct 11th. We Proceeded South 20 Degrees East 8 miles, with a Mountain on the West, & very high ledges of Rocks on the East from whence I sent out a Party on each side to the distance of 5 miles, who Reported that they had not discovered any Land fit for Tillage, the whole way Either very Rocky or Drowned Swamps.

12th Steered South 12 Degrees East about 4 miles where the Gananoucoui Received a River from the East. We continued in the same Direction 8 miles Further in Dead Water with large Marshes on each side, and Ledges of Rocks behind from whence I sent out a Party on the East and went myself on the West, but did not discover any good Lands. From this we continued about Ten Miles in the same Course Nearly, meeting with nothing but Swamps, Rocks & stagnated Water.

13th A Party sent out on each side the River to Penetrate 2 Miles, Reported they found no Land that was Good. From then we Proceeded steering South in a Strong Current about Ten Miles, discovering a few Small Tracts of Good Land near the River, but Scarcely Sufficient in a Place for a Farm - to a Fall of 10 Feet where the Gananoucoui Discharges itself into the St. Lawrence about Five Leagues North East from Cataraqui, where we arrived on the Morning of the 14th-

From the Whole The Trace of Country from Carillon to the Head of the Long Falls on the North Shore Extending back to the Mountain may contain about 20,000 Acres of Arable Land; which is sufficiently well watered, by Mill Streams, and [?] Heavy Timbered with Beech, Maple, Birch &c. is not so difficult to clear as the Lands, Timbered with Evergreens.

On the South side the Ottawa from a Little above Point Barrier, a Tract of good Land begins at half a mile Back from the River and Continues up to the Rideau about 20 Miles.

On the North Side there is a considerable Quantity of Land bordering on the Ottawa for the same distance, of a Soil sufficiently Rich to Produce Hemp, Flax, or Hops; Timbered with Birch & Hickory. From the Mouth of the Rideau to its Head a Distance of at least Eighty Miles, the Lands are good on both sides the River and may all be cultivated Except a Few Swamps and stoney ridges, which in the whole will not Amount to more than five miles on a side. However there is not many Streams of Water to be found back from the River, & the Lands fit for Meadows hardly bears [Proportion ?] to the Plow Land, which latter is of the Best Soil, and will produce Winter, as well as all other sorts of Grain, and to the Greatest perfection with Proper Tillage. The Timber is neither too Heavy nor too light, and in General is very Tall and straight without any under Brush, and I should suppose that a man will be able to clear in the American Method an Acre fit for seeding in Eight Days. From our entrance into the River Gananoucoui to its Fall into the St. Lawrence, I did not discover as much good Land conveniently situated, as would Serve One Farmer.

G. French Lt. & Asst. Engineer/ A.D.S.

Quebec 29th October 1783

[Endorsed] A Journal of Lieut. French's Proceedings in Exploring the Lands on the Ottawa, Rideau and Gananoucoui Rivers- Quebec 29th Oct. 1783

[Addressed] To His Excellency General Haldimand, Governor & Commander in Chief of the Province of Canada &c. &c. &c.

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.