The Nuttery : Volume 15 Number 3 (1996)

In this Issue...

The forthcoming Winter Meeting

This season's Winter Meeting is scheduled for Thursday evening, January 16, 1997, at the Citizen Building on Baxter Road in Ottawa's west end. Registration begins at 7:30 PM, and the program at 8:00 PM.

Winter meetings are ECSONG's best attended meetings. They offer an unparalleled opportunity to exchange notes with fellow members and visitors, to see exhibits of tools, literature and nut growing supplies. Meet the suppliers, and begin getting ready for spring planting and maintenance by ordering or purchasing seed, seedlings and equipment. Taste examples of nut cookery, to remind yourself of one of the main reasons for nut growing! Hear the presentations and join the discussions.

The evening will be divided into three parts (as was Gaul), each about forty minutes. The first and third parts will be presentations and discussion. The middle part will be a recess for personal conversation and viewing exhibits.

The meeting will be built around you. Consider what you could bring: items for 'show and tell' or to exhibit; copies of your favourite nut recipe to hand out, or samples of your own cookery; seeds for the seed exchange; and any other ideas that come to mind.

For more information or to volunteer items or presentations, call Len Collett or Ted Cormier.

The Kemptville Winter Woodlot Conference

ECSONG and several private companies supporting nut culture in Eastern Ontario will be jointly exhibiting at this annual conference. The Conference will be held on Wednesday, February 12, 1997, in the W. B. George Centre on the campus of the Kemptville College of Agricultural Technology (KCAT) from 8:00 AM to 3:30 PM.

ECSONG's exhibit will provide printed information of interest to both Society members and the other attendees of the Conference. ECSONG's partners will offer nut seed and growers' supplies, the presentation of specialized equipment, and advice. The partners will include at least Cobjon Enterprises Inc., Alcon Welding and Small Engine Repair, The Seed Source and The Xnet Group. If any member has items to exhibit or to sell as fund-raisers, please let us know.

For more information about the Conference, contact Dave Chapeskie (613) 258-8302, and about the ECSONG exhibit, contact Ted Cormier in Oxford Mills 258-2570.

The Second Fall Nut Tour

In early October 1996, the Canadian Forestry Institute presented ECSONG with two opportunities to promote nut culture. The Institute hosted a conference entitled "sustainable Forests: from theory to practice" in Ottawa, and asked us ECSONG to present the idea of an industry built around native, domesticated and naturalized nut trees in Canada. Also, conference attendees were invited to join ECSONG members for the second Nut Tree Tour of Eastern Ontario.

Hank Jones described the nut industry as it presently stands in Canada, with a substantial hazelnut business well established in British Columbia, and a number of new nut growers in southern Ontario offered a variety of nut species. Added to this domesticated crop, Hank explained the prospects for harvesting the native and naturalized species already growing in many regions, in woodlots, on farms, along roadsides, in towns and cities. In Ontario there are hundreds of thousands specimens of oaks, black walnuts, butternuts, hickories, ginkgoes, pine nuts and so on. These species produce quite usable fruits from which, as Hank explained, many different and valuable products can be made. The vision for this industry sees the profitable propagation of superior native and naturalized trees, of wholly-Canadian cultivars developed from the superior trees, and the sale of many uniquely Canadian nut products to the global marketplace. The audience showed considerable interest in the concept.

The first Nut Tree Tour Of Eastern Ontario was hosted several years ago by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) and the then Ministry of Agriculture and Food (OMAF). The successful tour took participants south and west, the edge of the ECSONG area. The second Nut Tree Tour took 25 people eastward to the vicinity of Cornwall and along the St. Lawrence Parkway. Nut collecting was the order of the day. Everyone enjoyed the beautiful weather and came home with large collections of Bur Oak, Black Walnut, Butternut, Bitternut Hickory and Shagbark Hickory.

The Trenton Fall Woodlot Conference

This past fall, the organizers of this conference requested a presentation in products that can be derived from tree nuts. Consideration by many woodlot owners is being given to planting nut trees to augment their woodlots. The prospect of dual crops, namely nuts as the trees grow, to these high trees when they mature.

Hank Jones made a half-hour presentation to almost a hundred people. After the presentation, quite a few people came over to talk about how to get started with nut growing. A few people offered their own experiences. ginkgoes were of special interest to several folks. About fifty people picked up ECSONG brochures. All in all, a well received presentation.

A Shrub Oak new to the region

Ted Cormier reports that a first sighting of the Bear Oak, a shrub oak normally found much farther south than here, has been made recently. A search on the Internet shows the scientific name as Quercus illicifolia. The interesting thing about shrub oaks is the possibility of their use as precocious nut producers in hedges as are hazels.

Biophysical Experiment on Nuts

Dr. Jonathan Bramwell, a biophysicist of long standing, and a professional writer, has had a long standing interest in black walnut. With the bumper crop this past fall, enough nuts became available for Jonathan to begin a biophysical experiment to seek out mutations. He is interested in finding dwarfing varieties, and maybe other interesting characteristics. He will keep us posted on progress.

Acorn Eaters

Alex Mucha relates his recent experience with partridges and acorns....

"I own about 300 acres of old farm land, which I call A.M. Tree Farms, seven miles north of Shawville, Quebec.

This fall when I arrived at the main gate of my farm I noticed a few dark objects on the road about 100 meters from the gate. My first thought was they may be crows or Hungarian partridge.

I closed the gate and the door on my truck carefully and drove slowly keeping my eyes on the road and the unknown objects. When I got within 20 meters I realized they were grouse partridges. There were six of them, all busy eating the acorns which had fallen on the road from a red oak.

I watched them for about five minutes, wondering how a small bird could swallow such a large acorn without choking. Finally, I drew towards them to within 8 yards, and then they just walked off into the bush.

Next day about the same time I returned to the same spot with a pair of binoculars. There they were! They were eating acorns in a selective manner, either a certain size of quality; I could not determine form my vantage point.

During the next few weeks I noticed their numbers were diminishing and by the end of October not a single bird remained. I was suspicious, and upon searching the area I found seven empty 16 gauge shot gun shells. I guess some hunters had a goof feed of acorn-fed partridges!

End of my Fall '96 story!"

Thanks, Alex, for your note. The Nuttery is always pleased to receive accounts of events or experiences related to nuts. Send yours anytime, and watch for it in the subsequent issue!

ECSONG Chair attends SONG Meeting

The Fall Meeting of SONG met on Saturday, October 9, 1996, at the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) research station, which is located four kilometers east of Simcoe, Ontario. The business meeting was chaired by SONG President, John Gordon. Len Collett, Chair, ECSONG, attended the meeting.

Approximately 25 members of SONG were present and most of them spoke on their activities and accomplishments on nut production. A number of members brought samples of this year's crop and were offering some products for sale. Mr. Collett spoke on some of the activities of the Eastern Chapter.

The feature of the meeting was a tour of the OMAFRA Heartnut/Sweet Chestnut research grove which was established at the Simcoe Station in the spring of 1995. There are 8 rows of trees spaced approximately 20 feet apart and 10 feet in the row with an estimated total of about 250 trees. The trees took hold very well in their first year and losses during the first winter were minimal. Some of the trees were taller than a person. All the rows were mulched and each tree was protected by guards.

SONG was instrumental in establishing this nut grove. Doug Campbell, who is President of the Commercial Nut Growers of Ontario (CANGO), was a consultant to the OMAFRA and spoke on the purpose of setting up this demonstration project. CANGO is inviting qualified Norfolk County growers to participate in a tobacco diversification project in nut growing and production.

Len Collett, Chair, ECSONG

The Texas Experience

Jane Lynas, sister of The Nuttery editor, recently moved to Texas, has sent a copy of Benny J. Simpson's book "A field guide to Texas trees". The book has many interesting notes, and herewith are a few excerpts about tree species that occur both in Texas and here.

Castanea pumilla, the Allegheny chinquapin, "nuts are sweet and palatable, and they are preferred over chestnuts by people who have been fortunate enough to sample both. During the depression of the early 1930s, Chinquapin nuts were considered a rare delicacy and were sold and bartered on school lots across the South. The going price was five cents per handful, with the buyer allowed to use his or her hand whatever the size."

"Black Cherry is second only to Black Walnut for furniture."

"Shagbark is second only to pecan in sweetness."

Re the Bur Oak "Schoolchildren in Menard County use pecan shakers and sweepers to harvest the acorns of the Bur Oak."

Thanx, Jane.

Ted Cormier visits Mexico

"This past October 1996 an international forest forum sponsored by the International Model Forest Network was held in Chihuahua, Mexico. Several project leaders from the Eastern Ontario Model Forest were invited to attend. There were interesting things to observe from a 'nut culture' perspective.

The Chihuahua Model forest is a Pin-Oak forest area located in northern Mexico in the Tarahumara Sierra at altitudes between 5000 and 9000 feet. Winter minimum temperatures are around minus18 degrees Celsius, summertime temperatures range around 30 C. The growing season is approximately 110 days which is shorter than our in Eastern Ontario. Apple trees (normally a northern tree) were a surprising feature of the landscape at this high altitude.

There is some interest in short season nut tree varieties from Canada. On our tour of the forest, wee saw three oak species: Quercus fulva, Q rugosa (Netleaf oak) and Q. sideroxyla. One forester stated that Mexico has some 600 species of oaks in total.

At lower altitudes, pecan farming provides an important crop for northern Mexico and southern USA>

No joke oaks

Mary Jane Jones passes along an article from "The Spectator" of 30 November 1996, in which Sir Keith Thomas reviews Thomas Pakenham's "Meetings With Remarkable Trees" (Weidenfeld, 25, pp 192). The reviewer excerpts a number of interesting statistics about oaks growing in Great Britain and Ireland.

"A big oak can weigh thirty tons, cover 2000 square yards, include ten miles of twigs and branches. Each year the tree pumps several tons of water about 100 feet into the air, produces a new crop of 100,000 leaves and covers half an acre of trunk and branches with a new pelt of bark."

The sweet chestnut at Tortworth, Gloucestershire allegedly dates back to the ninth century reign of King Egbert, about 1100 years ago.

"The Fredville oak in Kent as photographed by Pakenham is recognizably the same as that drawn by Strutt 175 years ago."

At Welbeck, Nottinghamshire, in 1724 the Duke of Portland cut an archway in the Greendale oak to prove that it was possible to drive a coach and horses through it.

Thanx for the article, Mary Jane. Maybe someone would like to produce a similar book about, say, nut trees in the Ottawa Valley?

The ECSONG on the Web

The World Wide Web (WWW or simply, the web) on the Internet is quickly becoming the best source of information on a universe of information, nuts being no exception. It is also becoming a practical place to provide information, specially to groups widely scattered, but also to the global community. The web is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, so users can access information anytime.

ECSONG has received a proposal to demonstrate its services on the web, to show the convenience both for members and the public. Members would find all the articles from back issues of The Nuttery online, the annual calendar of upcoming events, the membership list and other items. Nut growers and suppliers could advertise their latest products, services and prices, and even take orders through the web. The web is multimedia, meaning it can present colour pictures, sound and video as easily as it present text. The information on an ECSONG website would be divided into members-only and public-at-large. Paying a membership fee would entitle the member to access the private information, including electronic mail. This information could include online discussions of technical problems and solutions in nut culture, and even so-called 'virtual meetings'. It is possible that the cost of presenting ECSONG on the web could be less than publishing and distributing the hard copy version of The Nuttery! For more information, contact Len Collett or the Nuttery Editor.

Yours truly, the Nuttery editor, has been surfing the web recently in order to discover what information about nut culture might be available online. To my astonishment and delight, I found a great of information of a wide variety! I have begun compiling a bibliography. Note: maybe bibliography is not the correct word for the web, so I refer to the compilation as a 'sitography' (from the word website, such things being the actual sources of information). This nut sitography could be published on an ECSONG website for members use.

Any TV News watcher will have noticed many references recent to the Internet or the World Wide Web, or Web for short. Mostly the exposure has been to finger point at the naughty bits! However, the fact of the matter is, the Web is the most amazing information source ever. Just a couple of hours searching netted the Editor over fifty documents on at least as many aspects of nut culture and use. Unlike the references one finds searching online libraries, the Web delivers the document itself.

I found articles ranging from herbals on nut use, to sites selling nut derived remedies and potions, to general works and deeply scientific works on ginkgo, to walnut gun stocks, nut seeding for wildlife, Amerindian uses and preparation of acorns, and on and on.

Here is a sample from which is the website of Brooklyn Botanic Garden; a recipe, modified slightly:

 Nut Vinaigrette
 4 Tbsp. toasted black walnuts
 ½ cup olive oil
 2 Tbsp. white wine vinegar
 1 Tbsp. fresh lemon juice
 ½ tsp. sugar
 1 tsp. finely grated lemon rind

Preheat oven to 300 degrees F. Spread nuts on an ungreased baking sheet and toast for about 5 minutes (do not let scorch). Remove from oven and cool. In a small bowl, combine olive oil and 1 Tbsp. coarsely chopped nuts. Let stand 1 hour. Strain oil into a jar and add vinegar, lemon juice, sugar and rind. Cover and shake until ingredients are mixed. Sprinkle salad with the remaining 3 Tbsp. nuts.

The Web is an amazing place to find information. It is also easy to be an information provider on the Web. ECSONG would be well advised to make good use of the world wide resource.

Oak Valley Update

The development of the Oak Valley plantation continued apace unabated in 1996. The plantation is located on a diversion channel of the South Nation River about five kilometers west of Winchester Springs.

Through spring, summer and fall, many members and friends visited the site and pitched in to spread crushed stone, lay carpet (as a mulch and weed suppressor), remove Manitoba maples, weed, transplant and build signs. Ralph and Myrtle McKendry, Len and Genice Collett, Alec and Kathleen Jones, Ted and Isabelle Cormier, George Truscott, Ernie Kerr, Michael and Irene (Woolford) Broad, and Mac Saunders were frequent participants. During the summer, geologists Walter Fahrig and Peter Carr come to analyze the stones being used as family memorials in the co-located Pioneer Farmsteads Memorial Park, which was officially dedicated this past spring.

Ralph notes that progress on the site is ahead of the schedule set by the 20/20 Development Plan, the visionary (pun intended!) plan that plots the course for Oak Valley to the year 2020. For more information, or to get involved, simply contact Ralph. You will be welcomed with open arms!

At Pioneer Farmsteads Memorial Park, a feature of ECSONG's Oak Valley Plantation on the South Nation River Conservation Authority (SNRCA) property near Winchester Springs, Ontario, there is a curious aggregation of some fifty large boulders. According to an article prepared by Ralph McKendry, the stones, probably erratics from the last ice age, were assembled in the last century, and used as subflooring for the pioneer barn, since demolished, on this site. With the creation of the Park, the boulders were strategically placed by Ralph's Oak Valley team around the site to serve as markers for commemorating the individual pioneer families of the region.

This past summer a team of geologists including Drs Peter Carr and Walter Fahrig (both ECSONG members) and a geophysicist Len Collett (also Chair ECSONG) examined the boulders and described their mineral make-up. Further discussion with Walter for this Nuttery article revealed that these one-billion-year-old stones were probably metamorphic products of the Grenville orogeny (i.e. mountain building) era, and may be composed of what was originally igneous material of even older age.

For more information about these stones, ask Ralph about his article, or give Walter a call.

Nut Crops 1996

This past season has proved a bumper year for nut crops in the region. Almost all species and trees produced large crops. The Seed Source collected heavily and shipped some 3500 lbs of seed. Source Wood Products hulled about ten hectoliters of black walnuts using Alcon's 'Green Machine' nut huller. Cobjon collected about 200 lbs of butternuts and the same amount of black walnut: all have been hulled and are in cold storage with Alcon in Nepean. They are being offered for sale, primarily as seed, for $12/kg (there are between three and four dozen nuts in a kilogram). However, they are could just as well be eaten. If you want to try a recipe or two for the Winter Meeting but did not get a chance to collect, call Mark at Alcon. Mark can help with nut cracking as well, with black walnut cutters or the Potter Black Walnut cracker.

Processing Butternuts Better

This past fall '96, June and David Gardiner from Eganville visited Alcon Welding and Small Engine Repair to avail themselves of the nut hulling service for their fresh crop of butternuts.

Fortunately, they were able to stay and chat while the work was being done. June has been using native butternuts for many years, and has considerable expertise in this matter. She reports that cracking butternuts fresh from the tree results in many halves being recovered. If the nuts are allowed to dry, the usual practice, they do not crack well at all, even if soaked for hours beforehand. Her goal that day was to get the nuts hulled to make the cracking a tidier business. Cracking the nuts with the hulls intact cause much staining of hands and tools. The Alcon hulling process removes the husks, blunts the may sharp edges of the butternut shells, and their washing removes any remnants of stain.

June's advice is to be heeded! Collect your butternuts, then while they are still fresh select those that will be for eating, visit Alcon for the hulling, and then get cracking!

Harvesting native and naturalized nut crops

A major proposal has been submitted to the Ontario government' Grow Ontario Investment Program concerning a nut crops industry. The proposal offers to undertake a $50,000 project to design a wholly-new industry in Ontario based on the sustainable, profitable harvesting of nuts from the native and naturalized nut trees already growing extensively around the eastern, southern and central regions of the province. Included would be oaks, walnuts, hickories, ginkgoes, nut pines and so on. There are hundreds of thousands of these trees in woodlots, along roadsides, and in town and cities. Many diverse products can be made from the husk, shells, and kernels of the nuts, as wells as from other materials that come from the living tree. Superior seed, seedlings, food products, feed, dyes, stains, inks, essential oils, edible oils, lubricants, grits, abrasives, cosmetics, biologicals and pharmacologicals are just a beginning.

The proponents of the proposal recognize that such a harvest (estimated to be in the tens of thousands of hectoliters a year) will provide an immediate feedstock on which to develop products and markets, which in turn could stimulate accelerated widespread planting of native, naturalized and domestic nut trees. As well as supplying local markets, the industry would target markets overseas where these products would be seen as natural products from Canada, the land of forests and trees.

The proposal was put forward by partners Cobjon Enterprises Inc. (Ottawa), Alcon Welding and Small Engine Repair (Nepean), The Seed Source (Oxford Mills), Source Wood Products (Cornwall), and The Xnet Group (Vanier).

ECSONG has endorsed the proposal. For more information, contact Hank Jones, Mark Jones, Ted Cormier, Guy Lefebvre, Dave Baker or Len Collett.

When you plant trees, go nuts!

Ralph McKendry has developed what he calls the ECSONG Nut Planting Cell, an inexpensive, simple device for protecting planted nuts and first year seedlings from squirrels and other predators. In a draft brochure with the above motto as title, Ralph presents diagrams of his device, which is built from a 20-ounce juice can, a 2-liter plastic pop bottle, duct tape (the Canadian handy-man's friend!), a 2 to 3 foot stake and ties. The brochure explains the construction and deployment of the device, as well as basic information on planting, choosing planting sites, and on site preparation.

Ralph is planning to offer this brochure to schools, aiming at the senior grade school to high school level students.

This reviewer found the brochure excellent. The diagrams and instructions of clear and easy to follow. The advice is sound and to the point. Ralph should be strongly encouraged to finalized the brochure and help should be offered to see it published and made available. The brochure could be used by non-students just as easily, and thus should had wide circulation.

For more information, pleas contact Ralph in Ottawa 728-6511.

Walnut Chocolate Chip Squares

At ECSONG's Winter Executive Meeting, Len Collett, Chair, brought some delightful nut goodies prepared by Genice Collett. Intruding into the stream of accolades, your Nuttery editor asked to publish one or more of the recipes. Genice provided this recipe.

 1 cup (250 ml) all purpose flour
 ¼ cup (50 ml) Granulated sugar
 1/3 cup (75 ml) margarine
 2 eggs
 ½ cup (125 ml) granulated sugar
 ½ cup (125 ml) corn syrup
 2 tbs. (30 ml) margarine, melted
 1 cup (250 ml) chocolate chips, semi-sweet
 1 cup (250 ml) chopped (butternut or black walnuts) walnuts

Crust: Combine all the ingredients, mixing until crumbly. Press firmly into greased 9 inch (23 cm) square cake pan. Bake at 350 F (180 C) for 12 to 15 minutes or until light golden.

Topping: Beat eggs, sugar, syrup and margarine together until blended. Stir in chocolate chips and nuts. Pour evenly over crust. Bake 25 to 30 minutes longer, or until set and golden. Cool completely and cut into squares.

Thank you, Genice, for this recipe!

PS - If you would like to try nut cookery, Alcon has whole black walnuts and butternuts, 1996 crop, for sale in one kilogram bags @ $12.00 plus tax (plus S&H if you prefer to have them sent). Call Mark at Alcon in Nepean 723-9648.

Pickled Walnuts

Elaine writes....


Your booth at the Ottawa Spring Home Show was a real revelation. How I wish this introduction to your organization had happened 20 yrs ago - when with the land and much interest I was eager to become involved.

I write my thanks for sending a copy of The Nuttery ... a well written and fascinating letter. To know that so many people follow this interest, nurturing the many species: a vibrant group sharing the problems and providing a service to the country.

Hardly knowing where to begin (phoning all the local members??) I beg you for a little advice. I am desperately looking for a large quantity of immature Black Walnuts. Who among the long list of members would have supply enough to sell 200 - 300 - 400 nuts? Or am I just a dreamer?

These nut must be harvested as late as possible before the shell hardens; still soft enough inside to push a fork into. (Ed. note - start watching your trees for readiness in early June.)

As promised I am sending my grandmother's recipe for pickling Black Walnuts. They are so good.

Again my thanks

Elaine Sockett"

Here is Elaine's Grandmother's recipe.

"Pickled Walnuts (Gourmet):

100 green walnuts Strong enough brine to float an egg - 1 cups salt, 1 gallon water.

Cover the nuts with brine and leave ten days - change the brine every three days, keeping the nuts covered. Nut should be black, if not spread in the sun one day. On the tenth day, pierce each nut after draining and sponging dry.

 6 tablespoons ginger root (fresh fine chop)
 4 tablespoons black peppercorns
 4 tablespoons allspice
 2 whole cloves (heads removed)
 2 tablespoons mustard seed
 1 grated nutmeg
 2 or 3 blades (pinch) mace

 Boil together for 5 - 10 minutes
 6 pints of cider vinegar
 2 lbs brown sugar

 Pack alternately nuts and spices in clod sterile jars
 Pour over the vinegar/sugar. This should seal them.
 Ready in six weeks.

These are every bit as good as the Cross & Blackwell (English import) pickles we used to love, but cost so much."

(Ed. note: Our thanks to Elaine for taking the time to send this letter and recipe. I spoke to Elaine recently about the recipe. She told me that instead of Black Walnut, a friend with a Butternut tree suggested they try Butternuts instead. They did. And this Christmas they opened the first jar, and were delighted to find them every bit as good as the pickled Black Walnuts! Elaine has offered to show a jar at the ECSONG booth at this year's Ottawa Spring Home Show. If you have Butternuts of Black Walnuts this year, and are so inclined, try Elaine's recipe, or forward nuts to Elaine, and send us a letter. Elaine can be reached at Arnprior 623-7772. Many thanks, Elaine!)

Ottawa Spring Home Show

At last year's Ottawa Spring Home Show '96, organizers invited a number of growers organizations to exhibit free in the Landscape Ontario pavilion along with commercial exhibitors, to add variety and spice. ECSONG was one of the invitees. The idea proved a resounding success, both for the Show and ECSONG!. So this year, for the 1997 show, we have been invited again. We have accepted, and filed all the forms. The Show will be held during the last weekend in March, from the 28th through the 31st, Friday through Monday.

Though the hours were long, ECSONG volunteers hosting the booth had an exhilarating time!. Many thousands of visitor were full of questions about nut growing, the many uses and byproducts, and many told us about their childhood experiences with native and naturalized nuts in and around the Ottawa Valley. Everyone learned a great deal, and we collected some very useful information about who in the region owns nut trees.

This Show is a wonderful opportunity to fund raise for ECSONG. Last year we offered the ECSONG manual and the cookbook. This year, because we have more time to prepare, we could include selling nuts, nut byproducts, seedlings, other information, tools, supplies, etc. There are a number of commercial members of ECSONG who would be pleased to promote their nut growing activities, and through sales at the Show, might contribute a portion of their revenues to ECSONG. Also, how about a 'bake sale' component? Or, decorations and ornaments made with nuts and nut dyes? Undoubtedly there are other possibilities as well.

More about this exciting opportunity at the forthcoming ECSONG Winter Meeting, Thursday 13/1/97 at the Ottawa Citizen Building on Baxter Road. Meanwhile, if you have ideas and suggestions you want to share, contact The Nuttery editor.

Membership dues

You should take note of the new information item on the mailing label on the envelope in which this issue of The Nuttery arrived. It indicates the latest year for which you have paid dues. If the year is last year or older, then you are at risk of losing your membership, and not receiving The Nuttery! As editor, I would be disappointed to lose you as a reader, but even more so as a potential contributor to the newsletter. It has been my experience that the members of ECSONG collectively and individually hold a wealth of nut culture information at their fingertips. If your membership fee is overdue (if you find a pink slip enclosed, your fees are overdue), please fire off a cheque to Art Read, and consider penning a letter to The Nuttery on what nut culture has meant to you over the years.

If you have any questions, please contact Art Read, Treasurer, in Ottawa 828-6594.

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.