The Nuttery : Volume 1 Number 2 July/August 1982

In this Issue...


The annual Summer Field Day will be held in Merrickville, Ontario on Sunday, July 25, and not on the 18th as originally planned. An interesting program has been planned by the Survey Group.

Here's your chance to participate in the first site confirmation checks for Inventree. A demonstration of how a site should be checked will be given. We will then divide into several groups, and each will go to its own nearby site (within walking distance). Demonstrators have been chosen for the groups, and will be prepared to lead them in documenting the site. The Survey Group looks forward to your critique of the Inventree procedures, and hopes to upgrade the system based on your comments. Inventree is concerned with the cataloguing of naturally occurring and rare nut trees to provide a genetic pool of seeds to be used in replantings, improvement of varieties through selection, and re-introduction of species to areas that have lost a viable population due to overcutting.

The rendezvous point will be the Rideau Canal Blockhouse at 11:00 AM. Bring your lunch - BBQ facilities will be provided. Come join us for an afternoon outdoors.


The Annual General Meeting of the Society of Ontario Nut Growers will be held on Saturday July 31 in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Should you happen to be in that region, it is well worth a visit. For more information contact a member of the Ottawa Area Chapter.

The Annual Meeting of the Northern Nut Growers Association (NNGA - est. 1910) will be held this year at Ohio State College, in the town of Paynesville, Ohio, August 1-4, 1982. A full series of lectures, seminars, and demonstrations will be available, covering all aspects of nut trees. Paynesville is about 300 km on Interstate highways from Niagara Falls, on Lake Ontario.

Honey Locust

The Honey Locust, a relative of the Black Locust can provide a sweet, natural treat. After the sweet scented flowers have dropped, pea-like pods form and hang from the branches. When quite small (3-6 inches) these can be picked and dried in the sun until the pods are black or dark brown and then can be stored. They can be chewed like sugar cane. My grandmother bought them quite often as a child in Britain, she says they are good, sweet and crunchy. The pods should be gathered before the seeds start forming, after that they lose their sweetness. Watch out for the thorns on locusts, they can give you a good jab.


The Baxter Nut Grove

Following discussions with the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority during the winter of 1977/78, the Authority set aside a five acre site at the Baxter Conservation Area with the promise of assistance from the Ottawa Chapter of SONG in planning and establishing a nut tree plantation. During the summer and fall of 1978 the Conservation Authority cleared and cultivated the site while the Ottawa Chapter established a Task Force to prepare a plan, and program of planting.

The objective of the Baxter Nut Grove is to serve as a demonstration project on nut growing in the Ottawa area as well as promote an awareness of and appreciation for the value of nut trees as ornamentals, timber producers and as a source of food for both humans and wildlife. Consequently, the Baxter Nut Grove is neither a formal arboretum or simply a nut tree orchard but rather something in between and part of both.

In the spring of 1979 seedlings were planted in a temporary nursery area, of several species donated from several local sources including the Central Research Forest. Formal planting to a plan developed by the Task Force was carried out in May of 1981 and 1982 of selected stock from the temporary nursery and additional seedlings and young trees from different sources including gifts from individuals.

The plan includes planting areas for twelve nut bearing families; Pines, ginkgos, Beeches, Oaks, Chestnuts, Hackberries, Walnuts, Hazels, Hickories, Locusts, Coffee Tree and Northern Pecan. To date a total of 77 species/varieties have been planted in all areas except the ginkgos. Several areas, however, are short some varieties including many listed in the Appendix to the minutes of the 4th Annual Meeting of 20 March, 1982. Many of the plantings have seen at least one winter and the survival rate appears very high - over 90%.

The plan for the Baxter Nut Grove includes a small nursery area for experimental work by SONG members interested in growing new or additional species/varieties of nut bearing trees.


Hazelnut Cookery

This issue's recipes are taken from "Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada" (Turner & Szczawinski, National Museum of Natural Sciences).

Hazelnut Cookies

125 ml ½ cup butter
125 ml ½ cup sugar
250 ml 1 cup ground roasted hazelnuts
250 ml 1 cup flour
1 egg yolk
2 ml ½ tsp vanilla
2-3 dozen whole hazelnuts

Cream butter until smooth, then gradually add sugar. Mix in remaining ingredients except whole nuts, and knead until well mixed. Form into small balls and press a hazelnut on top. Brush with egg white and bake on greased cookie sheet 10-15 min. at 160C/325°F. Makes 2-3 dozen, depending on size.

Hazelnut Soup

500 ml 2 cup ground unroasted hazelnuts
1 l 4 cup beef or chicken broth
1 medium onion, diced
25 ml 1½ Tbsp chopped parsley
salt and pepper
Mix together all ingredients in a large saucepan, bring to a boil, then simmer gently, stirring occasionally, for 1 hour. Serve hot. This is a rich soup; only small servings are necessary. Serves 4-6.

Roasted Hazelnuts

Coat lightly with cooking oil, salt lightly if desired, and roast about ½ hour in 180C/350°F oven, until crisp and lightly browned. Use in any recipe that calls for nuts, especially filberts. Roasted nuts should be stored in a cool place. Green nuts do not keep if shelled, they should be refrigerated or used immediately. When gathering nuts, store in cool dry place to season and mature. It is apparently easier to remove the outer shell sheath and to crack the nut shell inside when the nuts have had a chance to mature and dry.

Silviculture Group

The Silviculture Group met at the home of Alec Jones. Mark Schaefer was not able to attend, meeting was chaired by Alec Jones. It was agreed to send minutes of the meeting to Moe Anderson and Mark Schaefer.

The suggested duties of the group have heretofore included the topics of timber, uses for wood, reforestation, street plantings in cities, orchard, and similar uses. A question was raised concerning the name of the group, if actually appropriate. Suggested duties for the group were the study of pruning, planting, thinning and grafting, as well as methods of protection. During discussion, B. Scally mentioned that there might be a deficiency of information concerning real- life problems that might be encountered, especially predators.

The following suggestions and topics were discussed during the evening meeting

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.