The Nuttery : Volume 3 Number 6 AGM 1984

In this Issue...

Annual General Meeting

The Annual General Meeting of the Ottawa Area Chapter of the Society of Ontario Nut Growers to be held at the Interpretive Center of the Baxter Conservation Area just south of Kars, Ontario on Regional Road 13, Sunday the 17th of March, 1985 between the hours of 10:00 AM and 3:30 PM. 1000-1130 Registration and Business 1130-1300 Lunch and Seed Exchange 1300-1530 Technical Sessions. Bring a lunch - refreshments available. Come and bring your friends.

The Winter Meeting

The Chapter's Winter Meeting was held on the 9th of January 1985 at the delightful Billings Estate in Ottawa. A record turnout of 30 people enjoyed a full evening of munchies, demonstrations, exhibits and speakers. The winter meetings have proven so successful, it has been suggested that we should hold two each winter instead of just one. Thanks to the Nut Use Group (Timo Aasen, convenor), to the contributors and speakers, and especially to the City of Ottawa and the staff of the Billings Estate, for organizing a marvellous evening!

11 New Members

Since the last issue of the Nuttery, eleven new members have swelled our ranks to 68 souls. The new Ottawa members include Nick Jones, Beau Jones, Manuela Bjerkelund, Kate Jones, Mel Mathewson, Muriel Park, Frank Stone and Ted Symbalisty. We have two new members from Kanata: Elsie Halpenny and J.A.Hart. And from Iroquois, J.T.Bols has joined us. Welcome, all! For all our current members, the Treasurer sternly reminds you - if your current membership dues for 1985 are not paid yet, this is the time. Don't miss a single issue of the Nuttery!

Nut Stratification Project

You will recall the bumper crop of nuts in 1984, considered the best crop in at least a decade, and may not be equalled in the rest of this century! Well, some 10,000 to 15,000 black walnuts were put to bed at the Baxter Nut Grove in the fall of '84, to be dug and distributed for plantings in spring 85. Nuts will be given to anyone who can plant them, either as nursery trees for later transplanting, or in a final site. Many people have already gotten their names down for 6, or 10, or 100's. Some seeds are destined for city backyards, some for farms, and some for nurseries. If you have any space at all, please take some of these homeless nuts, and give them a good start in life! Send (or phone) your name, address and phone number, and the number of nuts you could adopt, to any of the Project Committee members. The seed will be given out on either the 27th of April or the 4th of May, 1985. The chosen date will be announced at the forthcoming AGM. Instructions on their proper planting and care (minimal!) will be available to those in need. Don't miss your big chance to be a tree parent - even a small city backyard can handle 10 seedlings for 3 years!

Hubert Rhodes Writes

Extracts from a letter from life-member Hubert Rhodes, who now runs a nursery in Sooke, were read to the Winter Meeting by Alec Jones. Hubert writes, "Yes, I am receiving the Nuttery and would like to express my thanks to your chapter for thinking of me. It is good to keep in touch with what happened afterwards, following my brief association with your group." Hubert goes on to report significant progress in his experimental work. The best to you, Hubert, and we hope you can pay us a visit soon, to see the progress on the Baxter Nut Grove.

Where Do We Go From Here?

With this last issue of Vol.3 of the Nuttery, your Communications Committee has been considering changes to the form and content of future issues. As it reaches all our members, it is our main means of communication. Therefore, it should well reflect our interests and promote our objectives.

It can do this best when you, the members, share your interest and knowledge with others through the newsletter. We all want your written word! We need technical notes, social comments, activity reports, especially from SIG convenors. Tell all of us about the exciting things you are doing, so we can share and maybe help!

The committee tries to mail the Nuttery about 2 weeks before each Chapter meeting. As it takes about a week to publish and print, send your material in about an additional week before. Deadline dates will be printed in the next issue. If your topic is not timely, it may be held for the subsequent issue if space is not available. Send in articles any time! There are always future issues looking for your thoughts. If you have any questions, need help preparing your article, or have sound advice for the editor (or a bone to pick!), write or phone. Letters to the Editor, from and for the readership are always welcome.

I will be discussing the Newsletter at the AGM, and look forward to hearing your ideas, complaints, praise (?) Come prepared!

Agnes MacIntosh, editor

There are two short recipes in this issue, both for walnuts.

Cheddar Date Nut Bars

1½ cup all-purpose flour
2 tsp baking powder
½ tsp salt
½ cup butter
2 eggs
3 tsp vanilla
1½ cup shredded cheddar cheese
1 cup chopped dates
1 cup chopped walnuts (others could be used)

Combine flour, baking powder and salt. Melt butter in saucepan. Remove from heat; stir in sugar. Beat eggs and vanilla. Stir in flour mix. Mix in cheese, dates and nuts. Spread batter in greased 9x13x2" rectangular baking pan. Bake at 350°F for 30 to 35 minutes or until golden. Cool. Cut into bars or squares.

Apple Cheese Nut Toss

1 cup dairy sour cream
¼ cup honey
2 tsp lemon juice
4 cup diced, cored red apples
1¼ cup diced Colby cheese
1 cup sliced celery
½ cup broken walnut pieces
beaucoup de lettuce

Combine sour cream, honey, lemon juice. Chill at least 1 hour to blend flavours. Just before serving, combine apples, cheese, celery and nuts. Spoon into a lettuce-lined bowl. Pour dressing over all; toss lightly to combine. Makes about six cups.

Proper Site Preparation and Tending is essential for Optimum Hardwood Survival and growth.
M. Schaefer, R.P.F.

I must congratulate Bob Scally for a most timely presentation at our winter meeting on Fred Von Athlen's herbicide work with Black Walnut (Juglans nigra L.)(1,2)

If hardwoods are to be grown seriously, a weed free site must be maintained for at least five years after planting or until the trees have captured the site. Simazine is to trees as Atrazine is to corn. A weed free site results in a rapid release of soil nutrients. Most of the precipitation is captured by the trees and root expansion is rapid. Fertilization is usually unnecessary during the first rotation.

Simazine, however, is only part of the treatment. First, the site must be totally free of vegetation i.e. complete cultivation followed by total coverage with Kerb or Gramoxone (1,2). More recently, Amitrole T or Roundup is used. The trees are planted, then treated with Simazine 80W, Simazine 4G, or Princep flowable as a holding action (3,4) against weed reinvasion. Simazine is a barrier about 1" to 3" deep, inhibiting root growth of most weeds in that zone.

Soil type has an influence on the rate of application of Simazine. Due to adhesion of the Simazine ions to the colloids in clay and organic soils, a greater amount must be applied to have the desired effect. Sands, however, lack colloids and allow rapid permeation of water along with the chemical to greater depths, possibly to the root zone of the tree. Consequently, a lesser amount of Simazine should be used (4). Walnut and Spruce spp. can tolerate higher levels, like corn, while others like poplar and larches tolerate less.

Simazine is a good chemical, it is relatively safe, LD 50-5000, easy to apply, and with proper use will increase tree performance.

  1. Site Preparation and Post-Planting Weed Control in Hardwood Afforestation. F.W.Von Athlen, Canadian Forestry Service Publication O-X-325
  2. Effects of Site Preparation and Post-Planting Weed Control on the Survival and Height Growth of Planted Hardwood Seedlings. F.W.Von Athlen, Canadian Forestry Service Publication O-X-248
  3. Past, Present and Future Use of Herbicides in Forest and Shade Tree Nurseries. Sidney H. Hanks, US Forest Service, Upper Darby PA, USA.
  4. The Chemistry of the Symmetrical Triazine Herbicides with Notes on their Biological Properties and Factors Affecting Performance in Soil. Fisons (Canada) Ltd., 26 Prince Andrew Pl., Don Mills, Ont.

Safety - Always follow the directions on the chemical label. Wear protective clothing.

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.