The Nuttery : Volume 6 Number 2 March 1987

In this Issue...

Annual General Meeting

The Chapter Executive is pleased to announce the Chapter Annual General Meeting to be held in the Interpretive Center at the Baxter Conservation Area located just south of Kars, Ontario, on Saturday March 21st, 1987 from 9:30 AM to 3:30 PM.

Business in the morning and Technical sessions in the afternoon. This year there will be poster sessions as well. Bring your lunch 11:30-1:30. The meeting is open to all, including members, family, friends and the general public. For more information, call any member of the executive. Welcome, One and All!

Black Walnut Seed Distribution

Watch your local Community Newspaper for any information or announcements on the Chapter's Black Walnut Seed Distribution this year. You will recall that this year Cobjon Ent. Inc. of Ottawa will be handling the distribution on our behalf. The Chapter Chair, Hank Jones, is writing to the more than 40 community newspapers in eastern Ontario and western Quebec explaining how the distribution will be handled, and asking the newspaper to inform its readers. If you see the letter in print, or an article based on the letter, please cut it out and send it to the Nuttery Editor. It will be much appreciated. Make sure the name of the newspaper and the date of publication are noted. For more information on this project, call Hank Jones, Ottawa, 731-5237.

Looking Back at this year's Winter Meeting

It was held at the Ottawa South Community Center in the Old Fire Hall on Sunnyside Ave. on Wednesday 21 January, 1987. The room was comfortably large and well appointed. Amongst a number of interesting events, the evening has two noteworthy highlights. The first was a panel with George Joiner, Fil Park and Alec Jones leading a group discussion on the arboricultural techniques used at the Baxter Nut Grove. There were many questions from the audience, and excellent answers from the panellists. This method of transferring specialized knowledge and experience was well accepted and should be used more often. Thanks to George, Fil and Alec for their skilful and knowledgeable presentation.

The second highlight, equally stimulating and informative, was Mark Schaefer' s speech. He explained the Master Gardeners Program, mentioning its Hotline at 828-5264. The program provides expert advice on individual's gardening problems, drawing on the accredited expertise of the Master Gardeners. He talked on many other topics as well, including white pine interplanting, the problem of Buckthorn, growing walnuts from cuttings, the maximum distance seed should be transplanted from its source, and he brought many useful documents. Our special thanks to Mark.

The evening was a great success.

Ecological Farming and Nut Trees - Can they Co-exist?

The Ecological Farmers Association of Ontario is growing rapidly in numbers, spreading outwards from southern Ontario, much like our own SONG. At the annual general meeting of the Canadian Organic Growers, held at Kemptville College of Agricultural Technology on Saturday 28 February 1987, the President of the EFAO, Laurence Andres, spent about 2 hours overviewing the current procedures used on some ecological farms in Ontario for growing annual crops. The point was strongly made that ecologically sound farms, unlike intensively (chemically) crop managed farms, can sustain production year after year.

No mention was made of trees on those farms except as simple windbreaks. Nut tree crops surely should have a place, certainly for ecological reasons, but specially for their contribution to the health of the family and to the economy of the farm.

As part of the Chapter's interest in promoting nut tree growing, we should consider the role of nut trees on contemporary farms in eastern Ontario and western Quebec. Certainly, in the past, tree crops were an integral part of the family farm, especially soft fruits like apples, plums, cherries, tec. Only during this century has tree/forest use and agriculture split, to the detriment of both. Nut trees grown for their nutritious crops, their valuable wood and their other products belong on the farm as much as the grains and other grasses. Agroforestry and Permaculture address these issues, but generally lack the full appreciation of the benefit of ecological stability in their application.

As a Chapter of SONG, we have now contributed to nut groves in the Rideau Valley, the South Nation River Valley and as far away as Newfoundland. Is it time for us to start tp plan ecologically sound, on-the-farm demonstration Nut Orchards, Woodlot and reafforestation nut tree interplanting, and the possibility of nut trees incorporated into wind shelter belts for the farm? What do you think?

Spring is Coming

Are you starting to think about this spring's planting, where you might get seed or stock, and how best to plant it? Remember the Baxter Nut Grove Field days, usually held in early May. Plan to participate and learn about the special techniques developed at the grove for germinating, transplanting and caring for the young growing trees. At Baxter, it's all hands-on experience. Look for the special Poster at the AGM on this subject. Call George Joiner at Ottawa 749-2468, to get on board.

Do you have trouble with squirrels digging up your seed? Check with George Truscott about the many protective techniques he has tried and proven at his White Lake plantation. George will be participating in the AGM's poster session this year. Talk to him at the AGM about your squirrel problems.

If your tree growing area is good land, but tough to handle, plan to join Irene Woolford at the new South Nation Nut Grove site this spring. This fresh site has many challenging problems to be solved, and much to teach. Succeeding here will take knowledge, ingenuity and some hard work. Look for the Poster Session on this topic at the AGM at Baxter. Call Irene at Winchester 774-3385 to tackle the problem of growing Black Walnut in the South Nation River valley.

How Long does it take to get your Nuttery? If your Nuttery takes more than 2 days to reach you, jot down the date you received this issue and inform the editor. We can then determine the best shipping date that will ensure all members get their copies well before chapter meetings.

The Nut Cookbook

The Chapter's first regional Nut Cookbook is now available! The Applications SIG has just picked up 200 copies of its first cookbook, called Recipes in a Nutshell, from the printer. Many copies of this print run have been presold at the regular price of $5 apiece. If you want copies before the AGM, call Polly Forrestall-Jones, Editor, at Ottawa 233-5189 right away to reserve them.

The book will be on sale at the AGM. Any copies you want to sell or give away, you buy them first, then keep the money you collect. This is thought to be the simplest method of handling the finances. If we run out of copies, arrangements will be made for a second printing as quickly as possible.

Some of you are already talking to health food stores and to non-profit groups who might help sell the book, or thinking that it will make a welcome gift to friends and relatives. Please give these ideas some thought. Needless to say, the more copies we sell, the better off will be our coffers. Some of the money could be used to buy special tree stock, to arrange special field trips, to buy specialised equipment that chapter members wouldn't normally buy for themselves, then could share, and so on.

Trees Still Wanted at the Baxter Nut Grove

The last issue of the Nuttery contained a list of the trees selected by the Planning Group for the first phase of the Grove's development. That list was generated from a checklist of nut trees grown at the Dominion Arboretum, plus some others recommended by Hubert Rhodes. For various reasons, acquisition of some of those on the list were deferred until a later stage in the development of the Grove. At a meeting of the Chapter on 21 January, it was decided that the deferred list should be published too, in case some members wished to try growing some of the species listed. They are shown below:

Aesculus X carneaRed Horsechestnut
A. glabra var.monticolaOklahoma Buckeye
A. hippocastanum 'Baumanii'Baumann Horsechestnut
A. hybridaHybrid Horsechestnut
A. octandraSweet Buckeye
A. octandra f. vestitaCarolina Yellow Buckeye
A. parvifloraBottlebrush Buckeye
A. sylvaticaPainted Buckeye
Asimina tribolaPawpaw
Catalpa bignonioidesSouthern Catalpa
C. BungeiBungei Catalpa
C. hybridaHybrid Catalpa
C. ovataChinese Catalpa
C. speciosaWestern Catalpa
Celtis glabrataSmooth Hackberry
C. laevigataSugar Hackberry
C. reticulataNetleaf Hackberry
C. sinensisChinese Hackberry
C. spinosaSpiny Hackberry
C. tournefortiiOriental Hackberry
Corylus cornutaBeaked Hazel
C. heterophyllaSiberian Hazel
C. seiboldiana var.mandschuricaManchurian Hazel
Gleditsia aquaticaWater Locust
G. capsica
G. ferox
G. japonica
G. macracantha
G. sinensis
Juglans intermedia var. vilmorinianaVilmorins Walnut
Maackia amurensisAmur Maackia
Macleura pomiferaOsage Orange
Pinus peuceBalkan Pine
Quercus alba X bebbianaBebbs Oak
Q. rubra 'Aurea'Golden Oak
Q. 'Maxima'
Robinia ambigua DecaisneanaDecaisne Locust
R. fertilis 'Monument'Monument Locust

Provided by ECSONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.