SONG News Spring 1981 no. 18
In this Issue...

Nut Growers Enjoy Orono Tour

More than thirty-five nut growers met at the Orono Forestry Station, October 11, 1980 to take part in the fall meeting of SONG and the Nursery Tour. The highlight of the meeting was the presentation given by the Chief Forester, W. R. Bunting. He explained the production of the many millions of spruce, pine, hemlock and miscellaneous seedlings. One of their many "secrets" is the trucking in of tons of black muck (peat) which is worked into the many acres of nursery area to bring up fertility and moisture holding levels. Most of the seedlings are dug and shipped at three years of age when they are 30 to 45 centimetres in height. A familiar and most interesting lesson was observed again during this tour. When seedlings are grown by the thousands, it is possible to see the great variation in seedling response. Some seedlings are notably superior than the average run of the mill. What exciting growing opportunities there would be if these superior types were available in quantity'. It was worth noting that the Orono station has established a "seed orchard" of superior types of white pine to ensure that the very best evergreen seedlings are available to establish the future forests for Ontario.

It should be re-emphasized here that hedgerow-windbreaks of evergreen trees are an excellent form of protection for increasing the production of nut trees. The hazels in particular will triple or quadruple their production if grown in the lee of an adequate wind break. Land owners who have a number of acres can purchase these Ministry of Natural Resources evergreen seedlings at a very attractive price. Inquire at your local Natural Resources office to see what opportunities are available.

Black Walnut Arboreta/Seed Orchards for Ontario

The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources has recently initiated a tree improvement program for black walnut (Juglans nigra). Initially, this program will focus on locating and registering superior timber types of this species for the purpose of seed and possibly scion collection. Eventually we hope to establish progeny tested superior individuals in arboreta in several locations in southern Ontario to preserve the most valuable genotypes for future breeding and seed collection. The seed from these arboreta will someday be used to supply forest managers with superior growing stock for plantation establishment. Commercial pressure on black walnut has resulted in the loss of most of the better specimens of this species in Ontario and it now appears imperative that a concerted effort be made to locate and preserve what remains of this valuable genetic resource. Otherwise, the work of hundreds and thousands of years of evolution in black walnut may be lost.

Members of the Southern Ontario Nut Growers Society can play an important role in preventing the loss of this valuable genetic material and help preserve this beautiful tree species for both the commercial and aesthetic benefit of future generations. Your help in locating potentially superior individuals is urgently requested and would be gratefully appreciated. If you know of any black walnut trees with a good growth rate, straight stem form and if possible good seed yields and are willing to help in this effort, we would ask you to send us a note or leave a telephone message at the address below so that you may be contacted in the near future. To those of you who may be sceptical about divulging information on the location of such trees for fear that such information will be publicized and attract hordes of unwanted visitors to the tree, you may rest assured that any information you may wish to give will be made available only to research people on the staff of the Ontario Forest Research Centre (OFRC) and to District Foresters who may wish to approach you for permission to collect seeds for their nursery production.

This program will be a real boost to the nut growers of Ontario. Both the foresters and nut growers have mutual interests which can be exploited to the benefit of all. Please assist in this program by writing to: Alexander Mosseler, Ontario Forest Research Centre, Maple, Ontario, LOJ 1EO; telephone 416-832-2761. Thank you for your interest in the future of black walnuts in Ontario.

Hardy Pecans for Northern Climates

A couple of years ago a source of very hardy, "northern" pecans was discovered in north-west Illinois. A seed distribution of these hardy pecans was undertaken in that year and approximately 2200 people participated. Generally the experience was a good one with most people getting 4 - 5 of the 8 seeds (per package) to germinate. Numerous people throughout Ontario and the rest of Canada have had their trees come through a winter or two in a healthy condition. The results so far have been promising.

I should add and emphasize that when the trees are transplanted from an outdoor nursery to final location, take care that you dig up all of the tap root. A one year old pecan may be only 15 centimetres high but it will have a tap root 45 centimetres long'. A three year old pecan should be about 60 - 90 centimetres high and they will have tap roots 90 - 120 centimetres, straight down like carrots. Actually tap-rooted trees are easy to dig up if you know what to expect. Instead of having to dig widely around the trees you dig a small hole, straight down, right beside the tree. You cut off the tap-root at the 60-90 centimetre level and lift out the result ... simple'. SONG has been very fortunate to receive another quantity of these hardy northern pecans from a contact out in the north-west Illinois area, more of a fortunate accident than by design.

Therefore, anyone who did not fulfill their requirements on the first round has another chance. The price is $3.00 per package of 8 seed nuts. It is permissible to buy more than one package per grower. Checks or money orders should be made out to: NNGA Pecan Seed Program. Seed nuts will be shipped with detailed growing directions. Address all requests to: NNGA Pecan Seed Program c/o R. D. Campbell R.R.#1, Niagara-on-the-Lake ON Canada LOS 1JO

Proposed Change to SONG By-law

It is becoming more apparent that it will be necessary to increase the annual SONG membership dues. The membership dues have been kept at $3.00 annually since 1972. A great deal of inflation has taken place since that time. A dues increase is necessary now- to maintain the levels of service which are provided. The proposal is to increase the annual dues to $5.00 per year effective, January 1, 1982, Up to that time members still can take out memberships for up to 3 year terms at the current rate

In accordance with the SONG Constitution it is proposed that this amendment be voted on at the 1981 Annual SONG Meeting.

Vice President Roth Moves to Alberta

Our vice president Fred Roth has responded to the many opportunities opening in Alberta and has decided to move his place of residence to that province. For this reason Fred is resigning as vice president but he will be carrying on his membership. Those who try to write Fred after April 1, 1981 should address that mail: c/o Raivo Rooneem, P.O. Box 90, Grande Cache AB T0E 0Y0

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