SONG News Fall 1986 no. 29
In this Issue...

Review of SONG Meetings, 1986

Approximately 60 people turned out for the Spring Auction Meeting at the Civic Garden Centre, Don Mills, Ontario. About 250 items were for sale and the bidding was brisk. There was an especially fine assortment of baked goods for sale too. Delicious! Mmmm! Further, the SONG Treasury was about $600 richer for the day's activity.

More than 45 people attended the Annual Meeting at the Nut Nursery of Ernest and Marion Grimo, July 26, 1986. The Grimo Nut Orchard was well manicured and was judged impressive by all in attendance. This planting exceeds any research station in the north-eastern part of the continent for diversity of nut types planted and producing ... especially grafted cultivars of many kinds. A generous "thank you" is extended to Marion and Ernest for organizing an outstanding annual meeting for SONG.

The business meeting was conducted by SONG President, Heinz Baumgarten and the following presentations were made:
Secretary's Report given by Robert Hambleton
Treasurer's Report given by Marion Grimo
Auditor's Report given by Marion Grimo for Joyce Branston.

The report of the nominating committee and subsequent election of officers produced the following executive for 1986-87:
President Heinz Baumgarten
Vice President Jim Harvey
Second Vice President Murial Braham
Secretary Bob Hambleton
Treasurer Marion Grimo
Editor Doug Campbell
Treasury Scrutineer Joyce Branston

The new nominating committee will consist of Glenn Sandham (Chairman), John Gordon and Phil Park.

Heinz Baumgarten is to investigate further the costs of publishing John Gordon's serialized nut tree articles in booklet form.

It was moved, seconded and carried that the dues bylaw of SONG be changed that: changes in the dues structure may be effected simply by a majority vote of members present at an annual meeting.

It was moved, seconded, and carried that the annual dues structure will be as follows:
1 Year Only $ 8.00
2 Years Paid at One Time 15.00
3 Years Paid at One Time 21.00

Murial Braham volunteered to co-ordinate the SONG display for the Toronto Flower Show, February, 1987. Those interested In assisting in this show should contact Murial.

Jim Harvey has donated an additional $2000 to finance the publication of the SONG Handbook a collection of serialized articles authored by John Gordon. This brings the total to $4000 which Jim has donated to the book fund.

Ernest Grimo reviewed the provisions for the Ontario Crop Introduction Program Grants. It was emphasized that each participant must submit an end-of-year report in order to be eligible for final payments of grants.

The fall meeting of SONG turned out its usual good display of the season's production. Also, the tour of the Horace Troup farm provided a good opportunity to see mature trees of hickory, black walnut, heartnut, chestnut and Persian walnut. Those who attended the fall, 1986 meeting rediscovered the fact that there's nothing more invigorating than a fresh, sunny day in fall, out picking up nut crops!

1986 NNGA Meeting

More than 225 people attended the August, 1986 meeting of the Northern Nut Growers Association at Rock Island, Illinois. In addition to well packed information sessions, there was the opportunity to view the nearby stands of native pecan trees ... an amazing sight for such a northern latitude ... similar to that of Windsor, Ontario. No doubt, the sight of numerous 200 year old pecan trees gave many people the encouragement they need to plant more pecans In these northern latitudes ... and it has been shown already that pecans will thrive and produce well filled nuts in parts of Ontario such as the Niagara peninsula.

Canadian Horticultural History will be published by the Royal Botanical Gardens of Hamilton. It will cover research papers on the history of Canadian horticulture and related disciplines in the broadest sense. Subscriptions in Canada will be by volume at $18.00 each for institutions and $14.00 each for individuals. Mail requests to: CCHHS Royal Botanical Gardens, P.O. Box 399, Hamilton ON Canada L8N 3H8 Make cheques payable to: Royal Botanical Gardens (CCHHS).

A Seed Distribution Project
Promising Proportions: The Hardy Hazel Hybrids

The hazel family of bushes and trees often have been described as the little nuts which grow everywhere. There are the beaked hazels which grow up into the James Bay area and also the Peace River country of the west. There are the large, delicious nuts of the European filbert and not the least of the hazel clan is the Turkish tree hazel with its tall, sturdy trunks reaching up to 30 metres high.

Back in the 1920's, Jack U. Gellatly of West Bank, British Columbia recognized this great diversity of hazels and anticipated that some very attractive nut producing hybrids could be created to suit Canadian growing conditions. He took the large nut European filbert with its delicious kernels and he crossed these types with several of the super hardy, northern Canadian hazel species. Thousands of seedling nut bushes were produced and from these, selections were made which combined the most desirable characteristics of nut size, quality of kernel, productivity, extreme hardiness and vigorous, pest-resistant bushes. Gellatly was remarkably successful in achieving his objectives. Later on, he expanded his hybridizing goals to include Turkish and Chinese tree hazel species. Ultimately, he wound up with many superior hybrids which carry such interesting names as: Chinoka, Manoka, Petoka, Faroka, Myoka, Morrisoka and even Gellatly 502. The "Oka" of these names refers to the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. This great variety of hazel types has been tried at several locations throughout North America and the initial results have been extremely encouraging. Now the Society of Ontario Nut Growers is making a special seed offer available for more extensive testing of these superior types throughout Ontario and the adjacent provinces and states. It is expected that significant returns will be realized for both home growing as well as commercial ventures.

The hardy hazel hybrids are fast growing bushes and generally produce a maximum size about 7 metres high by about 3 metres wide. They accept a wide range of moderately to well drained soils and in particular, they respond vigorously to generous amounts of well rotted organic matter such as peat. The bushes start producing the delicious kernels in 4-5 years from seed and they have a life expectancy of 25-40 years.

The hardy hazel hybrids represent a great opportunity to produce a nutritious, natural food anywhere in the southern half of Ontario. In fact, it's an opportunity too good to be missed!

Provided by SONG. Feel free to copy with a credit.