Canada's Wars

In 1812, the USA invaded Canada as part of the British Empire. The British fought them off. That was the last time any country invaded today's Canada with a military force.

In 1837 the internal Lower and Upper Canada Rebellions were defeated by British forces.

In 1865 an Irish gang the Fenian Brotherhood arose on the border with the USA, but the USA worked just as hard to control them as Canadians did. However, there was a real invasion threat then, of USA expansion up the west coast. It was defeated, not by arms but by the brilliance of John A. Macdonald, who espoused and worked out how to build the transcontinental railway from both ends at the same time, thus actively involving British Columbia in joining Confederation, to dissuade them from joining the USA.

In 1885, 5,000 Canadian militia were sent to Saskatchewan to crush the North-West Rebellion.

Ever since, Canadians have fought other nation's wars.

Until 1931, the Statue of Westminster, Canada was considered a colony of Great Britain, so automatically took part in British wars:

After 1931, as an independent nation:

150 years after Confederation, there is still no external threat to Canadian territory. We still maintain armed forces, but only spend 1% of our GNP on them.

John Sankey